OSA's Digital Library

Optics Letters

Optics Letters

| RAPID, SHORT PUBLICATIONS ON THE LATEST IN OPTICAL DISCOVERIES

  • Editor: Alan E. Willner
  • Vol. 34, Iss. 9 — May. 1, 2009
  • pp: 1297–1299

Observation of a generalized bunching effect of six photons

Xiao-Ling Niu, Yan-Xiao Gong, Bi-Heng Liu, Yun-Feng Huang, Guang-Can Guo, and Z. Y. Ou  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Letters, Vol. 34, Issue 9, pp. 1297-1299 (2009)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OL.34.001297


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (189 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

When photons are indistinguishably in the same temporal mode, their detection probability is greatly enhanced due to constructive multiphoton interference, as compared to the case when they are distinguishable. We observed for what is believed to be the first time such a photon bunching effect for six photons. The observed enhancement factor in six-photon coincidence measurement is 17 ± 2 , which is close to a factor of 20 for an ideal case. Our result confirms that the six photons that we obtain have a high degree of indistinguishability.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.4410) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, parametric processes
(260.3160) Physical optics : Interference
(270.0270) Quantum optics : Quantum optics
(270.4180) Quantum optics : Multiphoton processes

ToC Category:
Quantum Optics

History
Original Manuscript: December 1, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: March 15, 2009
Published: April 16, 2009

Citation
Xiao-Ling Niu, Yan-Xiao Gong, Bi-Heng Liu, Yun-Feng Huang, Guang-Can Guo, and Z. Y. Ou, "Observation of a generalized bunching effect of six photons," Opt. Lett. 34, 1297-1299 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-34-9-1297


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. R. Hanbury-Brown and R. Q. Twiss, Nature 177, 279 (1956).
  2. L. Mandel and E. Wolf, Rev. Mod. Phys. 37, 23187 (1965).
  3. R. J. Glauber, Phys. Rev. 130, 2529 (1963).
  4. E. Purcell, Nature 178, 1449 (1956).
  5. R. J. Glauber, in Quantum Optics and Electronics (Les Houches Lectures), C.deWitt, A.Blandin, andC.Cohen-Tannoudji, eds. (Gordon and Breach, 1965), p. 63.
  6. R. Loudon, The Quantum Theory of Light (Clarendon, 1st ed., 1973; 3rd ed., 2000).
  7. A. Einstein, Phys. Z. 18, 121 (1917).
  8. S. N. Bose, Z. Phys. 26, 178 (1924).
  9. A. Einstein, Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss., Phys. Math. Kl. 1924, 261 (1924).
  10. F. W. Sun, B. H. Liu, Y. X. Gong, Y. F. Huang, Z. Y. Ou, and G. C. Guo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 043601 (2007). [PubMed]
  11. R. Hanbury-Brown and R. Q. Twiss, Nature 178, 1046 (1956).
  12. R. Hanbury-Brown, The Intensity Interferometer: Its Application to Aastronomy (Wiley, 1974).
  13. A. Gatti, E. Brambilla, M. Bache, and L. A. Lugiato, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 093602 (2004). [PubMed]
  14. A. Valencia, G. Scarcelli, M. DAngelo, and Y. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 063601 (2005). [PubMed]
  15. J. Xiong, D. Z. Cao, F. Huang, H. Li, X.-J. Sun, and K. Wang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 173601 (2005). [PubMed]
  16. Z. Y. Ou, Phys. Rev. A 77, 043829 (2008).
  17. Niels Bohr, Nature 121, 580 (1928).
  18. W. P. Grice and I. A. Walmsley, Phys. Rev. A 56, 1627 (1997).
  19. M. Atatüre, A. V. Sergienko, B. M. Jost, B. E. A. Saleh, and M. C. Teich, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1323 (1999).
  20. C. Santori, D. Fattal, G. S. S. Vučković, Jelena, and Y. Yamamoto, Nature 419, 594 (2002). [PubMed]
  21. C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2044 (1987). [PubMed]
  22. Z. Y. Ou, J.-K. Rhee, and L. J. Wang, Phys. Rev. A 60, 593 (1999).
  23. Z. Y. Ou, J.-K. Rhee, and L. J. Wang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 959 (1999).
  24. K. Tsujino, H. F. Hofmann, S. Takeuchi, and K. Sasaki, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 153602 (2004). [PubMed]
  25. Z. Y. Ou, Phys. Rev. A 72, 053814 (2005).
  26. F. W. Sun, Z. Y. Ou, and G. C. Guo, Phys. Rev. A 73, 023808 (2006).
  27. F. W. Sun, B. H. Liu, Y. F. Huang, Z. Y. Ou, and G. C. Guo, Phys. Rev. A 74, 033812 (2006).
  28. K. J. Resch, K. L. Pregnell, R. Prevedel, A. Gilchrist, G. J. Pryde, J. L. O'Brien, and A. G. White, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 223601 (2007). [PubMed]
  29. Z. Y. Ou, Phys. Rev. A 74, 063808 (2006).
  30. G. Y. Xiang, Y. F. Huang, F. W. Sun, P. Zhang, Z. Y. Ou, and G. C. Guo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 023604 (2006). [PubMed]
  31. B. H. Liu, F. W. Sun, Y. X. Gong, Y. F. Huang, Z. Y. Ou, and G. C. Guo, Europhys. Lett. 77, 24003 (2007).
  32. Z. Y. Jeff Ou, Multi-Photon Quantum Interference (Springer, 2007).
  33. Z. Y. Ou, B. H. Liu, F. W. Sun, Y. X. Gong, Y. F. Huang, and G. C. Guo, in Coherence and Quantum Optics IX, N.P.Bigelow, J.H.Eberly, and C.R.Stroud, Jr., eds. (Plenum, 2008).
  34. B. H. Liu, F. W. Sun, Y. X. Gong, Y. F. Huang, Z. Y. Ou, and G. C. Guo, Phys. Rev. A 77, 023815 (2008).
  35. K. Sanaka, K. J. Resch, and A. Zeilinger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 083601 (2006). [PubMed]
  36. B. H. Liu, F. W. Sun, Y. X. Gong, Y. F. Huang, G. C. Guo, and Z. Y. Ou, Opt. Lett. 32, 1320 (2007). [PubMed]
  37. S. Takeuchi, Opt. Lett. 26, 843 (2001).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited