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Optics Letters

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  • Editor: Alan E. Willner
  • Vol. 35, Iss. 12 — Jun. 15, 2010
  • pp: 2088–2090

Effect of scattering albedo on attenuation and polarization of light underwater

Brandon Cochenour, Linda Mullen, and John Muth  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Letters, Vol. 35, Issue 12, pp. 2088-2090 (2010)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OL.35.002088


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Abstract

Recent work on underwater laser communication links uses polarization discrimination to improve system performance [ Appl. Opt. 48, 328 (2009)] [in Proceedings of IEEE Oceans 2009 (IEEE, 2009), pp. 1–4]. In the laboratory, Maalox antacid is commonly used as a scattering agent. While its scattering function closely mimics that of natural seawaters, its scattering albedo can be much higher, as Maalox particles tend to be less absorbing. We present a series of experiments where Nigrosin dye is added to Maalox in order to more accurately recreate real-world absorption and scattering properties. We consider the effect that scattering albedo has on received power and the degree of depolarization of forward-scattered light in the context of underwater laser communication links.

OCIS Codes
(060.4510) Fiber optics and optical communications : Optical communications
(260.5430) Physical optics : Polarization
(290.7050) Scattering : Turbid media
(290.2558) Scattering : Forward scattering
(010.4455) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Oceanic propagation
(290.5855) Scattering : Scattering, polarization

ToC Category:
Scattering

History
Original Manuscript: March 30, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: April 30, 2010
Published: June 11, 2010

Citation
Brandon Cochenour, Linda Mullen, and John Muth, "Effect of scattering albedo on attenuation and polarization of light underwater," Opt. Lett. 35, 2088-2090 (2010)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-35-12-2088


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References

  1. L. Mullen, B. Cochenour, W. S. Rabinovich, R. Mahon, and J. Muth, Appl. Opt. 48, 328 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. W. C. Cox, B. L. Hughes, and J. F. Muth, in Proceedings of IEEE Oceans 2009 (IEEE, 2009), pp. 1–4.
  3. F. Hanson and S. Radic, Appl. Opt. 47, 277 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. P. Lacovara, Mar. Technol. Soc. J. 42, 93 (2008). [CrossRef]
  5. B. Cochenour, L. Mullen, and A. Laux, IEEE J. Oceanic Eng. 33, 513 (2008). [CrossRef]
  6. B. Cochenour, L. Mullen, and A. Laux, in Proceedings of IEEE Oceans 2007 (2007), pp. 1–5. [CrossRef]
  7. C. Mobley, in Light and Water (Academic/Elsevier, 1994), p. 112.
  8. S. Duntley, Underwater Lighting by Submerged Lasers and Incandescent Sources (Scripps Institution of Oceanography Visibility Laboratory, 1971), Chap. 7.
  9. T. J. Petzold, Volume Scattering Functions for Selected Ocean Waters (Scripps Institution of Oceanography and Visibility Laboratory, 1972).
  10. A. Tonizzo, J. Zhou, A. Gilerson, M. S. Twardowski, D. J. Gray, R. A. Arnone, B. M. Gross, F. Moshary, and S. A. Ahmed, Opt. Express 17, 5666 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

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