OSA's Digital Library

Optics Letters

Optics Letters


  • Editor: Alan E. Willner
  • Vol. 35, Iss. 16 — Aug. 15, 2010
  • pp: 2699–2701

Signal-to-noise performance of a short-wave infrared nanoinjection imager

Omer Gokalp Memis, John Kohoutek, Wei Wu, Ryan M. Gelfand, and Hooman Mohseni  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Letters, Vol. 35, Issue 16, pp. 2699-2701 (2010)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (424 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We report on the signal-to-noise performance of a nanoinjection imager, which is based on a short-wave IR InGaAs/GaAsSb/InP detector with an internal avalanche-free amplification mechanism. Test pixels in the imager show responsivity values reaching 250 A / W at 1550 nm , 75 ° C , and 1.5 V due to an internal charge amplification mech anism in the detector. In the imager, the measured imager noise was 28 electrons ( e ) rms at a frame rate of 1950 frames / s . Additionally, compared to a high-end short-wave IR imager, the nanoinjection camera shows 2 orders of magnitude improved signal-to-noise ratio at thermoelectric cooling temperatures primarily due to the small excess noise at high amplification.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(040.3780) Detectors : Low light level
(110.3080) Imaging systems : Infrared imaging

ToC Category:
Imaging Systems

Original Manuscript: April 23, 2010
Revised Manuscript: June 22, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: July 13, 2010
Published: August 6, 2010

Omer Gokalp Memis, John Kohoutek, Wei Wu, Ryan M. Gelfand, and Hooman Mohseni, "Signal-to-noise performance of a short-wave infrared nanoinjection imager," Opt. Lett. 35, 2699-2701 (2010)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. R. Sloan, J. H. Shaw, and D. Williams, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 46, 543 (1956). [CrossRef]
  2. M. Vatsia, “Atmospheric optical environment, research and development,” Tech. Rep. 7023 (ECOM, 1972).
  3. E. Diamanti, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, Y. Yamamoto, and H. Takesue, Opt. Lett. 31, 727 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. D. S. Moore, Sens. Imaging 8, 9 (2007). [CrossRef]
  5. R. H. Hadfield, Nat. Photon. 3, 696 (2009). [CrossRef]
  6. E. Knill, R. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, Nature 409, 46 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. T. P. Spiller, Proc. IEEE 84, 1719 (1996). [CrossRef]
  8. S. A. Castelletto, I. P. Degiovanni, V. Schettini, and A. L. Migdall, J. Mod. Opt. 54, 337 (2007). [CrossRef]
  9. I. Hartl, X. D. Li, C. Chudoba, R. K. Ghanta, T. H. Ko, J. G. Fujimoto, J. K. Ranka, and R. S. Windeler, Opt. Lett. 26, 608 (2001). [CrossRef]
  10. S. M. Sze, Physics of Semiconductor Devices (Wiley, 1981).
  11. T. Martin, R. Brubaker, P. Dixon, M.-A. Gagliardi, and T. Sudol, Proc. SPIE 5783, 12 (2005). [CrossRef]
  12. A. Joshi, J. Stevens, A. Kononenko, and J. Blackwell, Proc. SPIE 5499, 228 (2004). [CrossRef]
  13. J. C. Campbell, S. Demiguel, M. Feng, A. Beck, G. Xiangyi, W. Shuling, Z. Xiaoguang, L. Xiaowei, J. D. Beck, M. A. Kinch, A. Huntington, L. A. Coldren, J. Decobert, and N. Tscherptner, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 777 (2004). [CrossRef]
  14. D. F. Murphy, M. Ray, R. Wyles, J. F. Asbrock, N. A. Lum, J. Wyles, C. Hewitt, A. Kennedy, D. Van Lue, J. S. Anderson, D. Bradley, R. Chin, and T. Kostrzewa, Proc. SPIE 4721, 99 (2002). [CrossRef]
  15. M. A. Itzler, M. Entwistle, M. Owens, X. Jiang, K. Patel, K. Slomkowski, T. Koch, S. Rangwala, P. F. Zalud, Y. Yu, J. Tower, and J. Ferraro, Proc. SPIE 7320, 73200O (2009). [CrossRef]
  16. O. G. Memis, A. Katsnelson, S. C. Kong, H. Mohseni, M. Yan, S. Zhang, T. Hossain, N. Jin, and I. Adesida, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 171112 (2007). [CrossRef]
  17. O. G. Memis, A. Katsnelson, S. C. Kong, H. Mohseni, M. Yan, S. Zhang, T. Hossain, N. Jin, and I. Adesida, Opt. Express 16, 12701 (2008). [PubMed]
  18. J. B. Barton, R. F. Cannata, and S. M. Petronio, Proc. SPIE 4721, 37 (2002). [CrossRef]
  19. M. M. Hayat, W. L. Sargeant, and B. E. A. Saleh, IEEE J. Quantum Electronics 28, 1360 (1992). [CrossRef]
  20. S. D. Personick, Fiber Optics: Technology and Applications (Plenum, 1985).
  21. B. E. A. Saleh, M. M. Hayat, and M. C. Teich, IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 37, 1976 (1990). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4 Fig. 5

Supplementary Material

» Media 1: MOV (9007 KB)     

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited