We report on a new (to our knowledge) configuration incorporating both birefringence and quasi-phase-matching, enabling efficient phase-matched nonlinear diffraction in one-dimensional periodically poled nonlinear crystals. We demonstrate the method experimentally, showing an efficient nonlinear diffraction to the first few orders in two types of crystals, MgO doped congruent lithium niobate and congruent lithium niobate, and characterize its efficiency dependence on the fundamental power, the propagation angle, and the crystal temperature. This configuration can increase efficiencies observed in nonlinear diffraction experiments, enables ferroelectric domain characterization by nonlinear microscopy, and can be used to determine the duty cycles of periodically poled nonlinear crystals.
© 2011 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: March 2, 2011
Revised Manuscript: April 21, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: April 21, 2011
Published: May 13, 2011
Asia Shapira and Ady Arie, "Phase-matched nonlinear diffraction," Opt. Lett. 36, 1933-1935 (2011)