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Optics Letters

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  • Vol. 36, Iss. 16 — Aug. 15, 2011
  • pp: 3115–3117

Compact microfiber Bragg gratings with high-index contrast

Yanxin Liu, Chao Meng, A. Ping Zhang, Yao Xiao, Huakang Yu, and Limin Tong  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Letters, Vol. 36, Issue 16, pp. 3115-3117 (2011)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OL.36.003115


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Abstract

We fabricate fiber Bragg grating (FBG) in microfibers (MFs) using focused ion beam milling technique. By periodically etching 100 nm -depth grooves on the surface of silica MFs with diameters less than 2 μm , evident grating features with transmission dip up to 15 dB are obtained. Because of the high-index contrast of the gratings structure, the length of the microfiber Bragg grating (MFBG) can be reduced to 500 μm level. Using a 518 μm -length 1.8 μm -diameter MFBG, we also demonstrate sensitivity up to 660 nm per refractive index unit (RIU) for refractive index (RI) sensing. The highly compact MFBGs demonstrated here may serve as low-dimensional building blocks for miniaturized photonic components and devices.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2370) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics sensors
(060.3735) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber Bragg gratings

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

History
Original Manuscript: June 10, 2011
Revised Manuscript: July 14, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: July 15, 2011
Published: August 10, 2011

Citation
Yanxin Liu, Chao Meng, A. Ping Zhang, Yao Xiao, Huakang Yu, and Limin Tong, "Compact microfiber Bragg gratings with high-index contrast," Opt. Lett. 36, 3115-3117 (2011)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-36-16-3115


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