OSA's Digital Library

Optics Letters

Optics Letters


  • Vol. 36, Iss. 16 — Aug. 15, 2011
  • pp: 3115–3117

Compact microfiber Bragg gratings with high-index contrast

Yanxin Liu, Chao Meng, A. Ping Zhang, Yao Xiao, Huakang Yu, and Limin Tong  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Letters, Vol. 36, Issue 16, pp. 3115-3117 (2011)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (448 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We fabricate fiber Bragg grating (FBG) in microfibers (MFs) using focused ion beam milling technique. By periodically etching 100 nm -depth grooves on the surface of silica MFs with diameters less than 2 μm , evident grating features with transmission dip up to 15 dB are obtained. Because of the high-index contrast of the gratings structure, the length of the microfiber Bragg grating (MFBG) can be reduced to 500 μm level. Using a 518 μm -length 1.8 μm -diameter MFBG, we also demonstrate sensitivity up to 660 nm per refractive index unit (RIU) for refractive index (RI) sensing. The highly compact MFBGs demonstrated here may serve as low-dimensional building blocks for miniaturized photonic components and devices.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2370) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics sensors
(060.3735) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber Bragg gratings

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

Original Manuscript: June 10, 2011
Revised Manuscript: July 14, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: July 15, 2011
Published: August 10, 2011

Yanxin Liu, Chao Meng, A. Ping Zhang, Yao Xiao, Huakang Yu, and Limin Tong, "Compact microfiber Bragg gratings with high-index contrast," Opt. Lett. 36, 3115-3117 (2011)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. Y. J. Rao, Meas. Sci. Technol. 8, 355 (1997). [CrossRef]
  2. K. O. Hill and G. Meltz, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1263(1997). [CrossRef]
  3. C. R. Giles, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1391 (1997). [CrossRef]
  4. R. Kirchain and L. Kimerling, Nat. Photonics 1, 303 (2007). [CrossRef]
  5. G. Brambilla, F. Xu, P. Horak, Y. M. Jung, F. Koizumi, N. P. Sessions, E. Koukharenko, X. Feng, G. S. Murugan, J. S. Wilkinson, and D. J. Richardson, Adv. Opt. Photon. 1, 107(2009). [CrossRef]
  6. L. M. Tong and M. Sumetsky, Subwavelength and Nanometer Diameter Optical Fibers (Zhejiang University-Springer, 2009).
  7. W. Liang, Y. Y. Huang, Y. Xu, R. K. Lee, and A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 151122 (2005). [CrossRef]
  8. X. Fang, C. R. Liao, and D. N. Wang, Opt. Lett. 35, 1007(2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. Y. Zhang, B. Lin, S. C. Tjin, H. Zhang, G. H. Wang, P. Shum, and X. L. Zhang, Opt. Express 18, 26345 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, Nature 426, 816(2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. J. Villatoro, D. Monzon-Hernandez, and E. Mejia, Appl. Opt. 42, 2278 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. M. Sumetsky, Y. Dulashko, and A. Hale, Opt. Express 12, 3521 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. D. Marcuse, Theory of Dielectric Optical Waveguides(Academic Press, Inc., New York, 1974).
  14. G. Y. Zhai and L. M. Tong, Opt. Express 15, 13805 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. A. V. Kovalenko, V. N. Kurashov, and A. V. Kisil, Opt. Express 16, 5797 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. V. Hodzic, J. Orloff, and C. C. Davis, J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 1610 (2004). [CrossRef]
  17. F. T. S. Yu and S. Z. Yin, Fiber Optic Sensors (Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, 2002). [CrossRef]
  18. L. M. Tong, J. Y. Lou, and E. Mazur, Opt. Express 12, 1025 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. A. W. Snyder and J. D. Love, Optical Waveguide Theory (Chapman and Hall, New York, 1983).
  20. T. Erdogan, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1277 (1997). [CrossRef]
  21. Y. J. Rao, Opt. Lasers Eng. 31, 297 (1999). [CrossRef]
  22. A. Iadicicco, A. Cusano, A. Cutolo, R. Bernini, and M. Giordano, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1149 (2004). [CrossRef]
  23. A. Iadicicco, S. Campopiano, A. Cutolo, M. Giordano, and A. Cusano, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1250 (2005). [CrossRef]
  24. M. Sumetsky, Y. Dulashko, J. M. Fini, and A. Hale, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86 (2005). [CrossRef]
  25. F. Xu and G. Brambilla, Opt. Lett. 32, 2164 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. X. S. Jiang, Q. Yang, G. Vienne, Y. H. Li, L. M. Tong, J. J. Zhang, and L. L. Hu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 143513 (2006). [CrossRef]
  27. X. S. Jiang, Q. H. Song, L. Xu, J. Fu, and L. M. Tong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 233501 (2007). [CrossRef]
  28. L. K. Fam and K. Hakuta, Phys. Rev. A 79, 043813 (2009). [CrossRef]
  29. F. L. Kien and K. Hakuta, Phys. Rev. A 81, 063808 (2010). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4 Fig. 5

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited