OSA's Digital Library

Optics Letters

Optics Letters


  • Editor: Alan E. Willner
  • Vol. 37, Iss. 19 — Oct. 1, 2012
  • pp: 4086–4088

Athermal silicon nitride ring resonator by photobleaching of Disperse Red 1-doped poly(methyl methacrylate) polymer

Feng Qiu, Feng Yu, Andrew M. Spring, and Shiyoshi Yokoyama  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Letters, Vol. 37, Issue 19, pp. 4086-4088 (2012)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (323 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



To fabricate athermal silicon nitride waveguides, the dimensions of both the core and cladding, refractive index, and thermo-optic coefficients must be controlled precisely. We present a simple and effective method for the postfabrication trimming of silicon nitride ring resonators that overcomes the highly demanding fabrication. In order to manipulate the polymer’s refractive index and thermo-optic coefficient, we bleached the Disperse Red 1-doped poly(methyl methacrylate) (DR1/PMMA) top cladding using UV irradiation. After a suitable bleaching time, the temperature-dependent wavelength shift of the ring resonator was reduced from 9.8 to 0.018pm/°C, which is the lowest shift that we are aware of for an athermal waveguide realized by overlaying a polymer cladding to date.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(130.3120) Integrated optics : Integrated optics devices
(130.3130) Integrated optics : Integrated optics materials

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: July 31, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: August 17, 2012
Published: September 26, 2012

Feng Qiu, Feng Yu, Andrew M. Spring, and Shiyoshi Yokoyama, "Athermal silicon nitride ring resonator by photobleaching of Disperse Red 1-doped poly(methyl methacrylate) polymer," Opt. Lett. 37, 4086-4088 (2012)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. B. Jalali and S. Fathpour, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4600 (2006). [CrossRef]
  2. B. A. Block, T. R. Younkin, P. S. Davids, M. R. Reshotko, P. Chang, B. M. Polishak, S. Huang, J. Luo, and A. K. Y. Jen, Opt. Express 16, 18326 (2008). [CrossRef]
  3. X. Zheng, J. Lexau, Y. Luo, H. Thacker, T. Pinguet, A. Mekis, G. Li, J. Shi, P. Amberg, N. Pinckney, K. Raj, R. Ho, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, Opt. Express 18, 3059 (2010). [CrossRef]
  4. J. Van Campenhout, W. M. J. Green, and Yu. A. Vlasov, Opt. Express 17, 23793 (2009). [CrossRef]
  5. K. Worhoff, L. T. H. Hilderink, A. Driessen, and P. V. Lambeck, J. Electrochem. Soc. 149, F85 (2002). [CrossRef]
  6. J. S. Levy, M. A. Foster, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, Opt. Express 19, 11415 (2011). [CrossRef]
  7. J. S. Levy, A. Gondarenko, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner-Foster, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, Nat. Photonics 4, 37 (2010). [CrossRef]
  8. B. Guha, K. Preston, and M. Lipson, Opt. Lett. 37, 2253 (2012). [CrossRef]
  9. J. Teng, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, H. Zhang, X. Jian, X. Han, M. Zhao, G. Morthier, and R. Baets, Opt. Express 17, 14627 (2009). [CrossRef]
  10. V. Raghunathan, W. N. Ye, J. Hu, T. Izuhara, J. Michel, and L. C. Kmerling, Opt. Express 18, 17631 (2010). [CrossRef]
  11. K. B. Gylfason, C. F. Carlborg, A. Kaźmierczak, F. Dortu, H. Sohlström, L. Vivien, C. A. Barrios, W. van der Wijngaart, and G. Stemme, Opt. Express 18, 3226 (2010). [CrossRef]
  12. Y. Kokubun, N. Funato, and M. Takizawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1297 (1993). [CrossRef]
  13. J. K. S. Poon, Y. Huang, G. T. Paloczai, A. Yariv, C. Zhang, and L. R. Dalton, Opt. Lett. 29, 2584 (2004). [CrossRef]
  14. K. Chen, X. Deng, X. Li, Z. Cao, Q. Shen, and H. Li, Opt. Laser Eng. 47, 708 (2009). [CrossRef]
  15. RSoft Design Group, http://www.rsoftdesign.com .

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited