OSA's Digital Library

Optics Letters

Optics Letters


  • Editor: Alan E. Willner
  • Vol. 38, Iss. 2 — Jan. 15, 2013
  • pp: 169–171

Large-visual-angle microstructure inspired from quantitative design of Morpho butterflies’ lamellae deviation using the FDTD/PSO method

Wanlin Wang, Wang Zhang, Weixin Chen, Jiajun Gu, Qinglei Liu, Tao Deng, and Di Zhang  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Letters, Vol. 38, Issue 2, pp. 169-171 (2013)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (692 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The wide angular range of the treelike structure in Morpho butterfly scales was investigated by finite-difference time-domain (FDTD)/particle-swarm-optimization (PSO) analysis. Using the FDTD method, different parameters in the Morpho butterflies’ treelike structure were studied and their contributions to the angular dependence were analyzed. Then a wide angular range was realized by the PSO method from quantitatively designing the lamellae deviation (Δy), which was a crucial parameter with angular range. The field map of the wide-range reflection in a large area was given to confirm the wide angular range. The tristimulus values and corresponding color coordinates for various viewing directions were calculated to confirm the blue color in different observation angles. The wide angular range realized by the FDTD/PSO method will assist us in understanding the scientific principles involved and also in designing artificial optical materials.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.0050) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction and gratings
(330.7324) Vision, color, and visual optics : Visual optics, comparative animal models

ToC Category:
Vision, Color, and Visual Optics

Original Manuscript: September 26, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: December 7, 2012
Published: January 10, 2013

Virtual Issues
Vol. 8, Iss. 2 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Wanlin Wang, Wang Zhang, Weixin Chen, Jiajun Gu, Qinglei Liu, Tao Deng, and Di Zhang, "Large-visual-angle microstructure inspired from quantitative design of Morpho butterflies’ lamellae deviation using the FDTD/PSO method," Opt. Lett. 38, 169-171 (2013)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. A. Michelson, Phil. Mag. 21, 554 (1911). [CrossRef]
  2. Lord Rayleigh, Phil. Mag. 37, 98 (1919). [CrossRef]
  3. P. Vukusic, J. R. Sambles, C. R. Lawrence, and R. J. Wootton, Proc. R. Soc. B 266, 1403 (1999). [CrossRef]
  4. L. Plattner, J. R. Soc. Interface 1, 49 (2004). [CrossRef]
  5. S. Berthier, E. Charron, and J. Boulenguez, Insect Sci. 13, 145 (2006). [CrossRef]
  6. B. Gralak, G. Tayeb, and S. Enoch, Opt. Express 9, 567 (2001). [CrossRef]
  7. S. Banerjee, J. B. Cole, and T. Yatagai, Micron 38, 97 (2007). [CrossRef]
  8. R. T. Lee and G. S. Smith, Appl. Opt. 48, 4177 (2009). [CrossRef]
  9. D. Zhu, S. Kinoshita, D. S. Cai, and J. B. Cole, Phys. Rev. E 80, 051924 (2009). [CrossRef]
  10. S. Kinoshita, S. Yoshioka, and K. Kawagoe, Proc. R. Soc. B 269, 1417 (2002). [CrossRef]
  11. A. Saito, S. Yoshioka, and S. Kinoshita, Proc. SPIE 5526, 188 (2004). [CrossRef]
  12. A. Saito, Y. Miyamura, M. Nakajima, Y. Ishikawa, K. Sogo, Y. Kuwahara, and Y. Hirai, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 24, 3248 (2006). [CrossRef]
  13. A. Saito, M. Yonezawa, J. Murase, S. Juodkazis, V. Mizeikis, M. Akai-Kasaya, and Y. Kuwahara, J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 11, 2785 (2011). [CrossRef]
  14. D. W. Boeringer and D. H. Werner, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 52, 771 (2004). [CrossRef]
  15. J. Robinson and Y. Rahmat-Samii, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 52, 397 (2004). [CrossRef]
  16. S. Genovesi, R. Mittra, A. Monorchio, and G. Manara, IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. 5, 277 (2006). [CrossRef]
  17. M. Shokooh-Saremi and R. Magnusson, Opt. Lett. 32, 894 (2007). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.
Fig. 4.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited