OSA's Digital Library

Optics Letters

Optics Letters


  • Editor: Alan E. Willner
  • Vol. 38, Iss. 9 — May. 1, 2013
  • pp: 1398–1400

Reflective colored image based on metal–dielectric–metal-coated gratings

Hans Lochbihler  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Letters, Vol. 38, Issue 9, pp. 1398-1400 (2013)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (478 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Subwavelength gratings coated with metal–dielectric–metal layers and embedded in a dielectric exhibit distinctive color properties in reflectance. The reflected color of incident unpolarized white light can be tuned by the modulation depth of the grating. It is shown that reflective colored images may be reproduced by this type of gratings having a laterally adapted modulation depth. Its lightness, as well as the angle tolerance of the image coloring, is even suitable for human observers in ambient light. The gratings with variable depth are manufactured by electron-beam lithography and by a subsequent direct laser writing process. These types of reflective images may be replicated by a simple nano-imprint process on plastic foil. This method is predestined for industrial mass production.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(330.1690) Vision, color, and visual optics : Color
(050.6624) Diffraction and gratings : Subwavelength structures

ToC Category:
Diffraction and Gratings

Original Manuscript: February 5, 2013
Revised Manuscript: March 13, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: March 25, 2013
Published: April 22, 2013

Virtual Issues
Vol. 8, Iss. 6 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Hans Lochbihler, "Reflective colored image based on metal–dielectric–metal-coated gratings," Opt. Lett. 38, 1398-1400 (2013)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. Y. Kanamori, M. Shimono, and K. Hane, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2126 (2006). [CrossRef]
  2. H.-S. Lee, Y.-T. Yoon, S.-S. Lee, S.-H. Kim, and K.-D. Lee, Opt. Express 15, 15457 (2007). [CrossRef]
  3. T. Xu, Y.-K. Wu, X. Luo, and L. J. Guo, Nat. Commun. 59, 1 (2010). [CrossRef]
  4. N. Nguyen-Huu, Y.-L. Lo, and Y.-B. Chen, Opt. Commun. 284, 2473 (2011). [CrossRef]
  5. K. Walls, Q. Chen, J. Grant, S. Collins, D. R. S. Cumming, and T. D. Drysdale, Opt. Express 20, 21917 (2012). [CrossRef]
  6. C.-J. Yu, Y.-P. Liang, H.-F. Hong, and C.-M. Wang, Opt. Eng. 51, 044001 (2012). [CrossRef]
  7. M.-L. Wu, C.-L. Hsu, H.-C. Lan, H.-I. Huang, Y.-C. Liu, Z.-R. Tu, C.-C. Lee, J.-S. Lin, C.-C. Su, and J.-Y. Chang, Opt. Lett. 32, 1614 (2007). [CrossRef]
  8. B.-H. Cheong, O. N. Prudnikov, E.-H. Cho, H.-S. Kim, J. Yu, Y.-S. Cho, H.-Y. Choi, and S. T. Shin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 213104 (2009). [CrossRef]
  9. K. Seo, M. Wober, P. Steinvurzel, E. Schonbrunt, Y. Dan, T. Ellenbogen, and K. B. Crozier, Nano Lett. 11, 1851 (2011). [CrossRef]
  10. Y. Chen and W. Liu, Opt. Lett. 37, 4 (2012). [CrossRef]
  11. K. Kumar, H. Duan, R. S. Hegde, S. C. W. Koh, J. N. Wei, and J. K. W. Yang, Nat. Nanotechnol. 7, 557 (2012). [CrossRef]
  12. H. Lochbihler, Opt. Express 17, 12189 (2009). [CrossRef]
  13. Q. Wang, D. Zhang, B. Xu, Y. Huang, C. Tao, C. Wang, B. Li, Z. Ni, and S. Zhuang, Opt. Lett. 36, 4698 (2011). [CrossRef]
  14. L. Li, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 2581 (1993). [CrossRef]
  15. E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids Part II (Academic, 1985).
  16. G. A. Klein, Industrial Color Physics (Springer, 2010).
  17. C.-J. Ting, F.-Y. Chang, C.-F. Chen, and C. P. Chou, J. Micromech. Microeng. 18, 075001 (2008). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited