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Optics Letters

Optics Letters


  • Vol. 11, Iss. 11 — Nov. 1, 1986
  • pp: 730–732

Path dependence of the geometric rotation of polarization in optical fibers

F. D. M. Haldane  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Letters, Vol. 11, Issue 11, pp. 730-732 (1986)

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The geometric rotation of the polarization angle in a ideal cylindrical optical fiber without birefringence is obtained for arbitrary fiber paths in terms of the image of the path in the tangent vector space. The result extends a recent result of Chiao and Wu [Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 933 (1986)] restricted to paths with parallel ends, which was derived from Berry’s phase in the adiabatic limit of quantum mechanics [Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 392, 45 (1984)]. The treatment given here is purely classical and uses differential geometry to extend earlier work by Ross [Opt. Quantum Electron. 16, 455 (1984)] on the uniform helix.

© 1986 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: May 5, 1986
Manuscript Accepted: August 12, 1986
Published: November 1, 1986

F. D. M. Haldane, "Path dependence of the geometric rotation of polarization in optical fibers," Opt. Lett. 11, 730-732 (1986)

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  1. J. N. Ross, Opt. Quantum Electron. 16, 455 (1984). [CrossRef]
  2. A. Tomita, R. Y. Chiao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 937 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. R. Y. Chiao, Y. S. Wu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 933 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. V. Berry, Proc. R. Soc. London Ser A 392, 45 (1984). [CrossRef]
  5. The result obtained here requires only that t̂(s) be continuous, i.e., that κ(s) be everywhere finite, as also required by the elastic and optical properties of physical fibers. For mathematical convenience, the derivation also tacitly assumes that κ(s) never vanishes and that τ(s) is continuous. A more-general fiber configuration can be arbitrarily closely approximated by one with these properties, with an arbitrarily small correction to the result for the polarization-rotation angle.

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