We have used counterpropagating radiation from a diode laser to cool and stop a beam of cesium atoms. The laser frequency was chirped to keep it in resonance with the slowing atoms. The same laser was used to probe the resulting velocity distributions. We have cooled more than 1010 atoms/sec to a temperature of 1 K. This is an extremely simple and inexpensive way to manipulate atomic velocities and has a wide range of possible applications.
© 1986 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: January 6, 1986
Manuscript Accepted: February 19, 1986
Published: May 1, 1986
R. N. Watts and C. E. Wieman, "Manipulating atomic velocities using diode lasers," Opt. Lett. 11, 291-293 (1986)