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Optics Letters

Optics Letters


  • Vol. 11, Iss. 5 — May. 1, 1986
  • pp: 291–293

Manipulating atomic velocities using diode lasers

R. N. Watts and C. E. Wieman  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Letters, Vol. 11, Issue 5, pp. 291-293 (1986)

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We have used counterpropagating radiation from a diode laser to cool and stop a beam of cesium atoms. The laser frequency was chirped to keep it in resonance with the slowing atoms. The same laser was used to probe the resulting velocity distributions. We have cooled more than 1010 atoms/sec to a temperature of 1 K. This is an extremely simple and inexpensive way to manipulate atomic velocities and has a wide range of possible applications.

© 1986 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: January 6, 1986
Manuscript Accepted: February 19, 1986
Published: May 1, 1986

R. N. Watts and C. E. Wieman, "Manipulating atomic velocities using diode lasers," Opt. Lett. 11, 291-293 (1986)

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  1. For a collection of relevant articles see W. D. Phillips, ed., Laser Cooled and Trapped Atoms, U.S. Natl. Bur. Stand. U.S. Spec. Publ. 653 (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 1983).
  2. J. Prodan, A. Migdall, W. D. Phillips, I. So, H. Metcalf, J. Dalibard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 992 (1985). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. W. Ertmer, R. Blatt, J. L. Hall, M. Zhu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 996 (1985). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. An excellent review of neutral atom cooling and trapping is W. D. Phillips, J. V. Prodan, H. J. Metcalf, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2, 1751 (1985). [CrossRef]
  5. These lasers are wavelength selected to lase in the range 852 ± 5 nm at 25°C and 10-mW output power.
  6. S. Chu, L. Hollberg, J. E. Bjorkholm, A. Cable, A. Ashkin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 48 (1985). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

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