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Optics Letters

Optics Letters


  • Vol. 12, Iss. 5 — May. 1, 1987
  • pp: 355–357

Experimental observation of interaction forces between solitons in optical fibers

F. M. Mitschke and L. F. Mollenauer  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Letters, Vol. 12, Issue 5, pp. 355-357 (1987)

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Pairs of soliton pulses are sent through a fiber, and the pulse separation at fiber input and output are compared. Both attractive and repulsive forces are observed. Close quantitative agreement with prediction is achieved, except when the pulses begin to merge. Then the attractive force becomes repulsive as the result of phase shifts triggered by the soliton self-frequency shift.

© 1987 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: December 16, 1986
Manuscript Accepted: February 10, 1987
Published: May 1, 1987

F. M. Mitschke and L. F. Mollenauer, "Experimental observation of interaction forces between solitons in optical fibers," Opt. Lett. 12, 355-357 (1987)

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  1. V. I. Karpman, V. V. Solov'ev, Physica 3D, 487 (1981).
  2. J. P. Gordon, Opt. Lett. 8, 596 (1983) [Note: That Letter contains several typographical errors: (1) In Eq. (17), the square root should not extend over α, (2) at the top of p. 598, the ν should be υ, (3) the exp should be deleted from Eq. (19).] [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. The following report on numerical simulation and discuss significance to communications of soliton attraction: K. J. Blow, N. J. Doran, Electron. Lett. 19, 429 (1983);P. L. Chu, C. Desem, in Proceedings of Fourth International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication (Institute of Electronics and Communications Engineers, Tokyo, 1983), paper 28A3-4;B. Hermansson, D. Yevick, Electron Lett. 19, 571 (1983);D. Anderson, M. Lisak, Opt. Lett. 11, 174 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, Opt. Lett. 9, 13 (1984). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. F. M. Mitschke, L. F. Mollenauer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-222242 (1986). [CrossRef]
  6. R. H. Stolen, W. Pleibel, J. R. Simpson, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-2639 (1984). [CrossRef]
  7. For a discussion of the soliton period, see, for example, L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, M. N. Islam, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22157 (1986), Appendix. [CrossRef]
  8. J. P. Gordon, AT&T Bell Laboratories, Holmdel, New Jersey 07733 (personal communication).
  9. P. L. Chu, C. Desem, Electron. Lett. 21, 228 (1985). [CrossRef]
  10. F. M. Mitschke, L. F. Mollenauer, Opt. Lett. 11, 659 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. J. P. Gordon, Opt. Lett. 11, 662 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. See, for example, L. F. Mollenauer, Phil. Trans. R. Soc. London Ser. A 315, 437 (1985). [CrossRef]

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