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Optics Letters

| RAPID, SHORT PUBLICATIONS ON THE LATEST IN OPTICAL DISCOVERIES

  • Vol. 12, Iss. 7 — Jul. 1, 1987
  • pp: 489–491

Optical high-order subharmonic excitation of free cyclotron electrons

A. E. Kaplan  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Letters, Vol. 12, Issue 7, pp. 489-491 (1987)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OL.12.000489


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Abstract

Homogeneous laser radiation in the visible or infrared range can excite high-order subharmonics at the cyclotron frequency of free electrons in the millimeter or microwave range. This may provide coherent links between lasers and rf or microwave frequency standards. In order to divide the frequency of a CO2 laser (λ ≈ 10 μm) by a factor of 100 down to λ ≈ 1 mm in one step, a cw laser power as low as 10−6 W is sufficient.

© 1987 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: November 3, 1986
Manuscript Accepted: April 6, 1987
Published: July 1, 1987

Citation
A. E. Kaplan, "Optical high-order subharmonic excitation of free cyclotron electrons," Opt. Lett. 12, 489-491 (1987)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-12-7-489


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References

  1. A. E. Kaplan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 138 (1982). [CrossRef]
  2. G. Gabrielse, H. Dehmelt, W. Kells, Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 537 (1985). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. A. E. Kaplan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 456 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. A. E. Kaplan, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 1544 (1985);Nature 317, 476 (1985). [CrossRef]
  5. E. M. Macmillan, Phys. Rev. 68, 143 (1945);V. Veksler, J. Phys. (USSR) 9, 153 (1945). [CrossRef]
  6. D. Bohm, L. L. Foldy, Phys. Rev. 72, 649 (1947). [CrossRef]
  7. D. J. Wineland, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 2528 (1979);J. C. Bergquist, D. J. Wineland in Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Symposium on Frequency Control (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1979). [CrossRef]
  8. L. D. Landau, E. M. Lifshits, The Classical Theory of Fields (Addison-Wesley, Cambridge, Mass., 1951).
  9. J. Schwinger, Phys. Rev. 75, 1912 (1949). [CrossRef]
  10. A. E. Kaplan, Radio Eng. Electron. Phys. 8, 1340 (1963);Radio Eng. Electron. Phys. 9, 1424 (1964);Radio Eng. Electron. Phys. 11, 1214, 1354 (1966);A. E. Kaplan, Yu. A. Kravtsov, V. A. Rylov, Parametric Oscillators and Frequency Dividers (Soviet Radio, Moscow, 1966; in Russian).
  11. A. E. Kaplan, Radiophys. Quantum Electron. 11, 900 (1968). [CrossRef]
  12. K. M. Evenson, D. A. Jennings, F. R. Peterson, J. S. Wells, in Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Laser Spectroscopy, J. L. Hall, J. L. Carlsten, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 1977), Vol. 7, p. 56;D. J. E. Knight, P. T. Woods, J. Phys. E. 9, 898 (1976). [CrossRef]
  13. D. A. Jennings, C. R. Pollack, F. R. Peterson, R. E. Drullinger, K. M. Evenson, J. S. Wells, Opt. Lett. 8, 136 (1983). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. R. G. DeVoe, R. G. Brewer, Phys. Rev. A 30, 2827 (1984). [CrossRef]
  15. It is worth noting that a standing-wave configuration is used in this Letter for the sake of symmetry and calculation simplicity. In fact, subharmonic oscillations can be obtained by using a plane traveling wave instead of a standing wave.
  16. See, e.g., A. E. Kaplan, C. T. Law, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 1529 (1985). [CrossRef]

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