OSA's Digital Library

Optics Letters

Optics Letters


  • Vol. 12, Iss. 7 — Jul. 1, 1987
  • pp: 489–491

Optical high-order subharmonic excitation of free cyclotron electrons

A. E. Kaplan  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Letters, Vol. 12, Issue 7, pp. 489-491 (1987)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (435 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Homogeneous laser radiation in the visible or infrared range can excite high-order subharmonics at the cyclotron frequency of free electrons in the millimeter or microwave range. This may provide coherent links between lasers and rf or microwave frequency standards. In order to divide the frequency of a CO2 laser (λ ≈ 10 μm) by a factor of 100 down to λ ≈ 1 mm in one step, a cw laser power as low as 10−6 W is sufficient.

© 1987 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: November 3, 1986
Manuscript Accepted: April 6, 1987
Published: July 1, 1987

A. E. Kaplan, "Optical high-order subharmonic excitation of free cyclotron electrons," Opt. Lett. 12, 489-491 (1987)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. A. E. Kaplan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 138 (1982). [CrossRef]
  2. G. Gabrielse, H. Dehmelt, W. Kells, Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 537 (1985). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. A. E. Kaplan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 456 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. A. E. Kaplan, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 1544 (1985);Nature 317, 476 (1985). [CrossRef]
  5. E. M. Macmillan, Phys. Rev. 68, 143 (1945);V. Veksler, J. Phys. (USSR) 9, 153 (1945). [CrossRef]
  6. D. Bohm, L. L. Foldy, Phys. Rev. 72, 649 (1947). [CrossRef]
  7. D. J. Wineland, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 2528 (1979);J. C. Bergquist, D. J. Wineland in Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Symposium on Frequency Control (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1979). [CrossRef]
  8. L. D. Landau, E. M. Lifshits, The Classical Theory of Fields (Addison-Wesley, Cambridge, Mass., 1951).
  9. J. Schwinger, Phys. Rev. 75, 1912 (1949). [CrossRef]
  10. A. E. Kaplan, Radio Eng. Electron. Phys. 8, 1340 (1963);Radio Eng. Electron. Phys. 9, 1424 (1964);Radio Eng. Electron. Phys. 11, 1214, 1354 (1966);A. E. Kaplan, Yu. A. Kravtsov, V. A. Rylov, Parametric Oscillators and Frequency Dividers (Soviet Radio, Moscow, 1966; in Russian).
  11. A. E. Kaplan, Radiophys. Quantum Electron. 11, 900 (1968). [CrossRef]
  12. K. M. Evenson, D. A. Jennings, F. R. Peterson, J. S. Wells, in Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Laser Spectroscopy, J. L. Hall, J. L. Carlsten, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 1977), Vol. 7, p. 56;D. J. E. Knight, P. T. Woods, J. Phys. E. 9, 898 (1976). [CrossRef]
  13. D. A. Jennings, C. R. Pollack, F. R. Peterson, R. E. Drullinger, K. M. Evenson, J. S. Wells, Opt. Lett. 8, 136 (1983). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. R. G. DeVoe, R. G. Brewer, Phys. Rev. A 30, 2827 (1984). [CrossRef]
  15. It is worth noting that a standing-wave configuration is used in this Letter for the sake of symmetry and calculation simplicity. In fact, subharmonic oscillations can be obtained by using a plane traveling wave instead of a standing wave.
  16. See, e.g., A. E. Kaplan, C. T. Law, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 1529 (1985). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited