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Optics Letters

Optics Letters


  • Vol. 13, Iss. 5 — May. 1, 1988
  • pp: 389–391

Optical second-harmonic generation as a surface probe for noncentrosymmetric media

T. Stehlin, M. Feller, P. Guyot-Sionnest, and Y. R. Shen  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Letters, Vol. 13, Issue 5, pp. 389-391 (1988)

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We show that optical second-harmonic generation can also be used as an effective surface probe with a submonolayer sensitivity for media without inversion symmetry. The adsorption of Sn on GaAs is used as an example. A detailed summary of all accessible elements of the surface nonlinear susceptibility tensor χ(2) for the various crystal faces of GaAs is provided.

© 1988 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: November 24, 1987
Manuscript Accepted: January 26, 1988
Published: May 1, 1988

T. Stehlin, M. Feller, P. Guyot-Sionnest, and Y. R. Shen, "Optical second-harmonic generation as a surface probe for noncentrosymmetric media," Opt. Lett. 13, 389-391 (1988)

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  1. See, for example, Y. R. Shen, Ann. Rev. Mater. Sci. 16, 69 (1986); in Chemistry and Structure at Interfaces: New Laser and Optical Techniques, R. B. Hall, A. B. Ellis, eds. (Verlag-Chemie, Berlin, 1986), and references therein. [CrossRef]
  2. H. W. K. Tom, G. D. Aumiller, Phys. Rev. B 33, 8818 (1986). [CrossRef]
  3. T. F. Heinz, M. M. T. Loy, W. A. Thompson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 63 (1985). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. See, for example, Y. R. Shen, The Principles of Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, New York, 1984).
  5. See, for example, Surf. Sci. 168, 1 (1986).
  6. S. B. Zhang, M. L. Cohen, S. G. Louie, Phys. Rev. B 34, 768 (1986); Phys. Rev. B 32, 3955 (1985). [CrossRef]
  7. R. I. G. Uhrberg, G. V. Hanson, J. M. Nickolls, S. A. Flodström, Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 1032 (1982); F. J. Himpsel, P. Heimann, D. E. Eastman, Phys. Rev. B 24, 2003 (1981). [CrossRef]
  8. See, for example, R. M. A. Azzam, N. M. Bashara, Ellipsometry and Polarized Light (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1977).
  9. P. Chiradia, A. Cricenti, S. Selci, G. Chiarotti, Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 1145 (1984). [CrossRef]
  10. N. Bloembergen, P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 128, 606 (1962). [CrossRef]
  11. H. W. K. Tom, Ph.D. dissertation (University of California, Berkeley, Calif., 1984); T. F. Heinz, Ph.D. dissertation (University of California, Berkeley, Calif., 1982).
  12. P. Guyot-Sionnest, W. Chen, Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. B 33, 12 (1986). [CrossRef]
  13. N. Bloembergen, R. K. Chang, S. S. Jha, C. H. Lee, Phys. Rev. 174, 813 (1968). [CrossRef]
  14. N. Büdgens, M. Lüth, M. Mattern-Klossau, A. Spitzer, A. Tulke, Surf. Sci. 160, 46 (1985). [CrossRef]
  15. D. E. Aspnes, A. A. Studna, Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 1956 (1985). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

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