Using a general model to schematize polarimetric and interferometric measurements, we derive the dependence of the output signal on the input state of polarization. We show that in any birefringent medium, in addition to the eigenvectors that maximize the interferometric phase signal, there exist dual vectors that maximize the amplitude of the polarimetric signal. The dual vectors lie on the maximum circle normal to the eigenvector axis.
© 1989 Optical Society of America
T. Tambosso and S. Donati, "Influence of the input state of polarization on interferometric and polarimetric measurements of birefringence," Opt. Lett. 14, 476-478 (1989)