A novel pulse-compression scheme is proposed and demonstrated for compressing weak picosecond pulses having energies as small as 0.1 pJ. A semiconductor-laser amplifier is shown to impose a nearly linear frequency chirp on the pulse as a result of self-phase modulation occurring because of gain-saturation-induced index changes. The amplified chirped pulse can be compressed by passing it through a dispersive delay line. The theory shows that, depending on the operating conditions, the pulse width can be reduced by a factor of ~2–4 and the peak power can be enhanced by a factor of ~10–100. The preliminary experimental results are in agreement with theory.
© 1989 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: November 17, 1988
Manuscript Accepted: February 27, 1989
Published: May 15, 1989
Govind P. Agrawal and N. A. Olsson, "Amplification and compression of weak picosecond optical pulses by using semiconductor-laser amplifiers," Opt. Lett. 14, 500-502 (1989)