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Optics Letters

Optics Letters


  • Vol. 14, Iss. 13 — Jul. 1, 1989
  • pp: 697–699

Bistable ring resonator utilizing saturable photorefractive gain and loss

Diana M. Lininger, Peter J. Martin, and Dana Z. Anderson  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Letters, Vol. 14, Issue 13, pp. 697-699 (1989)

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We demonstrate the bistable behavior of a unidirectional ring resonator that employs photorefractive loss as well as photorefractive gain. The gain and loss are established by two-beam coupling in two separate photorefractive BaTiO3 crystals. Two-beam coupling loss plays the role of a programmable saturable absorber. Irreversible bistability occurs when the maximum net gain exceeds unity, while reversible bistability is obtained when the maximum net gain is less than one.

© 1989 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: December 5, 1988
Manuscript Accepted: March 31, 1989
Published: July 1, 1989

Diana M. Lininger, Peter J. Martin, and Dana Z. Anderson, "Bistable ring resonator utilizing saturable photorefractive gain and loss," Opt. Lett. 14, 697-699 (1989)

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  1. For a review of optical bistability, see H. Gibbs, Optical Bistability: Controlling Light With Light (Academic, Orlando, Fla., 1985).
  2. The unidirectional ring resonator with photorefractive gain alone was first demonstrated in J. O. White, M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 450 (1982). [CrossRef]
  3. V. L. Vinetskii, N. V. Kukhtarev, S. G. Odulov, M. S. Soskin, Usp. Fiz. Nauk 129, 113 (1979)[Sov. Phys. Usp. 22, 742 (1979)]. [CrossRef]
  4. B. Fischer, M. Cronin-Golomb, J. O. White, A. Yariv, Opt. Lett. 6, 519 (1981). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. P. Yeh, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2, 1924 (1985). [CrossRef]
  6. A. Yariv, S.-K. Kwong, Opt. Lett. 10, 454 (1985). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. J. Di Stefano, A. R. Stubberud, I. J. Williams, Schaum's Outline Series: Theory and Problems of Feedback and Control Systems (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1967), Chap. 11.
  8. D. Z. Anderson, J. Feinberg, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-25, 635 (1989). [CrossRef]

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