A method for measuring atomic spatial distributions is suggested, based on Raman transitions in an applied force field. This technique eliminates the Doppler effect and provides high-frequency resolution for long-lived states, leading to position resolution that is fundamentally limited by the uncertainty principle. The effects of atomic motion are discussed, and a simplified analysis of the method is presented.
© 1989 Optical Society of America
J. E. Thomas, "Uncertainty-limited position measurement of moving atoms using optical fields," Opt. Lett. 14, 1186-1188 (1989)