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Optics Letters

Optics Letters


  • Vol. 14, Iss. 21 — Nov. 1, 1989
  • pp: 1186–1188

Uncertainty-limited position measurement of moving atoms using optical fields

J. E. Thomas  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Letters, Vol. 14, Issue 21, pp. 1186-1188 (1989)

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A method for measuring atomic spatial distributions is suggested, based on Raman transitions in an applied force field. This technique eliminates the Doppler effect and provides high-frequency resolution for long-lived states, leading to position resolution that is fundamentally limited by the uncertainty principle. The effects of atomic motion are discussed, and a simplified analysis of the method is presented.

© 1989 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: May 11, 1989
Manuscript Accepted: August 1, 1989
Published: November 1, 1989

J. E. Thomas, "Uncertainty-limited position measurement of moving atoms using optical fields," Opt. Lett. 14, 1186-1188 (1989)

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  1. See P. E. Martin, B. G. Oldaker, A. H. Miklich, D. E. Pritchard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 515 (1988), and references therein. [CrossRef]
  2. V. P. Chebotaev, B. Ya. Dubetsky, A. P. Kasantsev, V. P. Yakovlev, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2, 1791 (1984). [CrossRef]
  3. C. Salomon, J. Dalibard, A. Aspect, H. Metcalf, C. Cohen-Tannoudji, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 1659 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. V. I. Balykin, V. S. Letokhov, Phys. Today 42(4), 23 (1989). [CrossRef]
  5. A. Aspect, E. Arimondo, R. Kaiser, N. Vansteenkiste, C. Cohen-Tannoudji, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 826 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. See, for example, W. D. Phillips, J. V. Prodan, H. J. Metcalf, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2, 1751 (1985). [CrossRef]
  7. J. E. Thomas, P. R. Hemmer, S. Ezekiel, C. C. Leiby, R. H. Picard, C. R. Willis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 867 (1982). [CrossRef]
  8. N. F. Ramsey, Molecular Beams (Oxford U. Press, London, 1956).
  9. J. E. Thomas, K. D. Stokes, J. Gardner, C. Schnurr, “Ultrahigh-resolution position measurements using optical fields,” to be submitted to Phys. Rev. A.

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