We analyze the frequency-shifted conjugate beam generated by nearly degenerate four-wave mixing in an array of single-mode waveguides. We show that if the array sufficiently samples the signal beam, a high-quality conjugate will be generated when the pump beams are counterpropagating. The ability of a waveguide mode to couple to incoming beams over a range of incident directions relaxes the strict phase-matching requirement present in bulk-media four-wave mixing. A shift in the propagation direction of one of the pump beams changes the propagation direction of the generated beam while maintaining the spatial phase coherence.
© 1989 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: April 21, 1989
Manuscript Accepted: October 13, 1989
Published: December 15, 1989
T. B. Simpson and J. M. Liu, "Conjugate generation and beam steering by nearly degenerate four-wave mixing in waveguide arrays," Opt. Lett. 14, 1383-1385 (1989)