Photoinduced guided index changes approaching 10-4 in the range 488–784 nm, measured using a simple interferometric technique, are reported in germanosilicate single-mode optical fibers exposed to the 488-nm line of an Ar+ laser running multifrequency. The wavelength dependence and dynamics of the writing process are characterized, and the material dispersion of the induced Δn(λ) is shown to be weak. The effect is placed in the context of related research on color centers in these fibers, and two different mechanisms are proposed that lead to quantitative estimates in rough agreement with the measured Δn values.
© 1990 Optical Society of America
D. P. Hand and P. St. J. Russell, "Photoinduced refractive-index changes in germanosilicate fibers," Opt. Lett. 15, 102-104 (1990)