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Optics Letters

Optics Letters


  • Vol. 15, Iss. 4 — Feb. 15, 1990
  • pp: 233–235

Generation of macroscopic superpositions in a micromaser

John J. Slosser, Pierre Meystre, and Ewan M. Wright  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Letters, Vol. 15, Issue 4, pp. 233-235 (1990)

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At low temperatures steady-state macroscopic superpositions can be generated in the field of a micromaser pumped by a stream of two-level atoms injected in a coherent superposition of their upper and lower states. The onset of these superpositions resembles a second-order phase transition, with the control parameter being the ratio of the atomic injection rate to the cavity damping rate.

© 1990 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: September 8, 1989
Manuscript Accepted: December 18, 1989
Published: February 15, 1990

John J. Slosser, Pierre Meystre, and Ewan M. Wright, "Generation of macroscopic superpositions in a micromaser," Opt. Lett. 15, 233-235 (1990)

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  1. See, e.g., A. J. Leggett, Prog. Theor. Phys. Suppl. 69, 80 (1980). [CrossRef]
  2. J. M. Martinis, M. H. Devoret, J. Clarke, Phys. Rev. B 35, 4682 (1988). [CrossRef]
  3. A. O. Caldeira, A. J. Leggett, Phys. Rev. A 31, 1059 (1985);D. F. Walls, G. J. Milburn, Phys. Rev. A 31, 2403 (1985);C. M. Savage, D. F. Walls, Phys. Rev. A 32, 2316 (1985). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  6. J. J. Slosser, P. Meystre, S. L. Braunstein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 934 (1989). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. P. Filipowicz, J. Javanainen, P. Meystre, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 906 (1986). [CrossRef]
  8. P. Meystre, G. Rempe, H. Walther, Opt. Lett. 13, 1078 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. See, e.g., W. H. Louisell, Quantum Statistical Properties of Radiation (Wiley, New York, 1973).
  10. P. Filipowicz, J. Javanainen, P. Meystre, Phys. Rev. A 34, 3077 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. For the two-photon maser case, see L. Davidovich, J. M. Raimond, M. Brune, S. Haroche, Phys. Rev. A 36, 3771 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. E. T. Jaynes, F. W. Cummings, Proc. IEEE 51, 89 (1963). [CrossRef]
  13. See also J. Bergou, L. Davidovich, M. Orszag, C. Ben-kert, M. Hillery, M. O. Scully, Opt. Commun. 72, 82 (1989). [CrossRef]
  14. J. J. Slosser, P. Meystre, “Tangent and cotangent states of the electromagnetic field,” submitted to Phys. Rev. A.

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