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Optics Letters

Optics Letters

| RAPID, SHORT PUBLICATIONS ON THE LATEST IN OPTICAL DISCOVERIES

  • Vol. 16, Iss. 23 — Dec. 1, 1991
  • pp: 1844–1846

Annealed proton-exchanged LiNbO3 waveguides

M. L. Bortz and M. M. Fejer  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Letters, Vol. 16, Issue 23, pp. 1844-1846 (1991)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OL.16.001844


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Abstract

We report characterization of annealed proton-exchanged waveguides in LiNbO3. Effective-mode indices and fundamental-mode intensity profiles were measured for a variety of fabrication conditions. Index profile, depth, and surface refractive-index change were determined versus exchange depth and anneal time and are presented in a universal form. An empirical concentration-dependent diffusion model describing the annealing process is presented. The refractive-index dispersion in proton-exchanged and annealed proton-exchanged waveguides was determined for wavelengths between 0.4 and 1.1 μm.

© 1991 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: April 12, 1991
Published: December 1, 1991

Citation
M. L. Bortz and M. M. Fejer, "Annealed proton-exchanged LiNbO3 waveguides," Opt. Lett. 16, 1844-1846 (1991)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-16-23-1844

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