Continuous surface-relief phase gratings for two-dimensional (2-D) array generation have been realized by laser-beam writing lithography. For a 9 × 9 fan-out element, a diffraction efficiency of 94% and a uniformity of better than ±8% have been achieved. These are, to our knowledge, the best published results for 2-D surface relief fan-out elements. Separable and nonseparable solutions for the design of 2-D fan-out elements are discussed.
© 1992 Optical Society of America
P. Ehbets, H. P. Herzig, D. Prongué, and M. T. Gale, "High-efficiency continuous surface-relief gratings for two-dimensional array generation," Opt. Lett. 17, 908-910 (1992)