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Optics Letters

Optics Letters


  • Vol. 18, Iss. 10 — May. 15, 1993
  • pp: 823–825

Single-shot measurement of the intensity and phase of an arbitrary ultrashort pulse by using frequency-resolved optical gating

Daniel J. Kane and Rick Trebino  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Letters, Vol. 18, Issue 10, pp. 823-825 (1993)

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We introduce a new technique, frequency-resolved optical gating, for measuring the intensity I(t) and the phase ϕ(t) of an individual arbitrary ultrashort pulse. Using an instantaneous nonlinear-optical interaction of two variably delayed replicas of the pulse, frequency-resolved optical gating involves measuring the spectrum of the signal pulse versus relative delay. The resulting trace, a spectrogram, yields an intuitive full-information display of the pulse. Inversion of this trace to obtain the pulse intensity and phase is equivalent to the well-known two-dimensional phase-retrieval problem and thus yields essentially unambiguous results for I(t) and ϕ(t).

© 1993 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: January 4, 1993
Published: May 15, 1993

Daniel J. Kane and Rick Trebino, "Single-shot measurement of the intensity and phase of an arbitrary ultrashort pulse by using frequency-resolved optical gating," Opt. Lett. 18, 823-825 (1993)

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