Periodically spaced amplifiers along a transoceanic cable provide the phase-matching condition for a four-wave mixing process owing to Kerr nonlinearity. A new kind of sideband instability, shows up in both positive and negative dispersion regimes that is similar to modulation instability. A comparison with the sideband instability that was recently discovered for solitons is carried out.
© 1993 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: February 18, 1993
Published: September 15, 1993
F. Matera, A. Mecozzi, M. Romagnoli, and M. Settembre, "Sideband instability induced by periodic power variation in long-distance fiber links," Opt. Lett. 18, 1499-1501 (1993)