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Optics Letters

Optics Letters

| RAPID, SHORT PUBLICATIONS ON THE LATEST IN OPTICAL DISCOVERIES

  • Vol. 18, Iss. 2 — Jan. 15, 1993
  • pp: 134–136

Prepulse suppression for high-energy ultrashort pulses using self-induced plasma shuttering from a fluid target

Sterling Backus, Henry C. Kapteyn, Margaret M. Murnane, David M. Gold, Howard Nathel, and William White  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Letters, Vol. 18, Issue 2, pp. 134-136 (1993)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OL.18.000134


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Abstract

The technique of self-induced plasma shuttering can be used to suppress prepulse energy from an ultrashort pulse. If a femtosecond pulse is incident upon a transparent target, the leading edge passes through while the peak reflects owing to ionization breakdown at the surface. We describe a fluid jet, enclosed in a vacuum chamber, that allows this technique to be used at high repetition rates. The jet has excellent stability and a fast (~500 μs) recovery time. At normal incidence, we demonstrate a reflection efficiency of 70% with a prepulse-to-main-pulse energy suppression ratio of >10, while at Brewster incidence we measure a reflection efficiency of 38% with a suppression ratio of nearly 400.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: June 29, 1992
Published: January 15, 1993

Citation
Sterling Backus, David M. Gold, Howard Nathel, Henry C. Kapteyn, Margaret M. Murnane, and William White, "Prepulse suppression for high-energy ultrashort pulses using self-induced plasma shuttering from a fluid target," Opt. Lett. 18, 134-136 (1993)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-18-2-134

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