It is shown that a novel class of optical soliton is possible in the form of vector dark solitons. These nonlinear waves describe bound states of two gray solitons with different background intensities in each mode that are strongly coupled through cross-phase modulation.
© 1993 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: October 16, 1992
Published: March 1, 1993
Yuri S. Kivshar and Sergei K. Turitsyn, "Vector dark solitons," Opt. Lett. 18, 337-339 (1993)