A new technique for inducing a large permanent second-order susceptibility in lead silicate glass is reported. The procedure involves implanting electrons by irradiating the glass with an electron beam. Second-order nonlinearities χ(2) as high as 0.7 pm/V are obtained.
© 1993 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: October 23, 1992
Published: May 1, 1993
P. G. Kazansky, A. Kamal, and P. St. J. Russell, "High second-order nonlinearities induced in lead silicate glass by electron-beam irradiation," Opt. Lett. 18, 693-695 (1993)