We suggest the use of the refractive-index changes associated with the intersubband transitions in quantum wells for phase matching in nonlinear materials. An improvement in the conversion efficiency of mid-IR second-harmonic generation by almost 2 orders of magnitude over non-phase-matched bulk GaAs is predicted. We also show that the linear phase contributions of intersubband transitions used for resonant enhancement of second-harmonic generation must be considered, as they could limit the conversion efficiency by increasing the phase mismatch on one hand or offset the bulk’s dispersion and lead to phase matching on the other.
© 1994 Optical Society of America
Gilad Almogy, Mordechai Segev, and Amnon Yariv, "Intersubband-transition-induced phase matching," Opt. Lett. 19, 1192-1194 (1994)