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Optics Letters

Optics Letters


  • Vol. 20, Iss. 12 — Jun. 15, 1995
  • pp: 1374–1376

Thermal annealing of K+–Na+ ion-exchanged waveguides

E. Giorgetti, D. Grando, L. Palchetti, and S. Sottini  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Letters, Vol. 20, Issue 12, pp. 1374-1376 (1995)

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The process of thermal annealing of K+–Na+ ion-exchanged waveguides in soda lime glass is characterized and compared with a simple theoretical model. The discrepancies between theory and experiments in the case of initially thick guides disappear if the existence of a stress-induced contribution to the refractive index is assumed that is not proportional to the concentration of the doping ions. The results obtained for initially thin guides are exploited for the design of annealed single-mode channel waveguides: 0.4-dB coupling losses with commercial single-mode fibers at λ = 1.321 μm were measured.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: February 6, 1995
Published: June 15, 1995

E. Giorgetti, D. Grando, L. Palchetti, and S. Sottini, "Thermal annealing of K+–Na+ ion-exchanged waveguides," Opt. Lett. 20, 1374-1376 (1995)

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