Environmentally stable high-power erbium fiber soliton lasers are constructed by Kerr or carrier-type mode locking. We obtain high-energy pulses by using relatively short fiber lengths and providing large amounts of negative dispersion with chirped fiber Bragg gratings. The pulse energies and widths generated with both types of soliton laser are found to scale with the square root of the cavity dispersion. Kerr mode locking requires pulses with an approximately three times higher nonlinear phase shift in the cavity than carrier mode locking, which leads to the generation of slightly shorter pulses with as much as seven times higher pulse energies at the mode-locking threshold.
© 1995 Optical Society of America
M. E. Fermann, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, "Environmentally stable high-power soliton fiber lasers that use chirped fiber Bragg gratings," Opt. Lett. 20, 1625-1627 (1995)