A 40-km length of optical fiber whose group-velocity dispersion decreases exponentially along its length has been fabricated. We experimentally compare the propagation of picosecond solitons through the dispersion-decreasing fiber with that through a constant-dispersion fiber of the same path-averaged dispersion. For a wide range of input powers, the output pulse widths of the dispersion-decreasing fiber are found to be as short as the input pulse widths, whereas the output pulse widths of the constant-dispersion fiber are significantly larger. Numerical simulations of the experiment are performed and are in good agreement with the experimental results.
© 1995 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: April 18, 1995
Published: September 1, 1995
Andrew J. Stentz, Alan F. Evans, and Robert W. Boyd, "Dramatically improved transmission of ultrashort solitons through 40 km of dispersion-decreasing fiber," Opt. Lett. 20, 1770-1772 (1995)