OSA's Digital Library

Optics Letters

Optics Letters


  • Vol. 20, Iss. 3 — Feb. 1, 1995
  • pp: 288–290

Push–pull integrated-optics Mach–Zehnder interferometer with domain inversion in one branch

Nicolas A. F. Jaeger and Lisheng Huang  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Letters, Vol. 20, Issue 3, pp. 288-290 (1995)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (269 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We report on a push–pull integrated-optics Mach–Zehnder interferometer having one domain-inverted branch and one noninverted branch. It is fabricated in the c+ side of a LiNbO3 substrate. We achieve ferroelectric domain inversion in one branch of the waveguide by doping it more heavily with Ti than the other branch and by using a high-temperature treatment that raises the temperature above the doped Curie temperature of the one branch but not of the other. The cumulative electro-optic effect of the inverted branch is found to be opposite that in the noninverted branch when both are subjected to the same electric field.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: July 15, 1994
Published: February 1, 1995

Nicolas A. F. Jaeger and Lisheng Huang, "Push–pull integrated-optics Mach–Zehnder interferometer with domain inversion in one branch," Opt. Lett. 20, 288-290 (1995)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. Properties of Lithium Niobate, EMIS Data Reviews Series No. 5 (Institution of Electrical Engineers, London, 1989).
  2. T. Tamir, ed., Guided-Wave Optoelectronics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1990). [CrossRef]
  3. I. Kaminow, Introduction to Electro-optic Devices (Academic, New York, 1974).
  4. M. N. Armenise, Proc. Inst. Electr. Eng. 85, 135 (1988).
  5. S. Miyazawa, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 4599 (1979). [CrossRef]
  6. S. Thaniyavarn, T. Findkly, D. Booher, J. Moen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 933 (1985). [CrossRef]
  7. K. Nakamura, H. Ando, H. Shimizu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1413 (1987). [CrossRef]
  8. J. Webjorn, F. Laurell, G. Arvidsson, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1597 (1989). [CrossRef]
  9. E. J. Lim, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, Electron. Lett. 25, 174 (1989). [CrossRef]
  10. K. Kawano, T. Kitoh, H. Jumonji, T. Nozawa, M. Yanagibashi, Electron. Lett. 25, 1382 (1989). [CrossRef]
  11. S. S. Sriram, S. A. Kingsley, J. T. Boyd, U.S. patent5,267,336 (November30, 1993).
  12. J. H. Schaffner, U.S. patent5,278,924 (January11, 1994).
  13. B. Guenais, M. Baudet, M. Minier, M. Le Cun, Mater. Res. Bull. 16, 643 (1981). [CrossRef]
  14. S. C. Abrahams, P. Marsh, Acta Crystallogr. B 42, 61 (1986). [CrossRef]
  15. S. K. Korotky, W. J. Minford, L. L. Buhl, M. D. Divino, R. C. Alferness, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 796 (1982).
  16. M. Minakata, S. Saito, M. Shibata, S. Miyazawa, J. Appl. Phys. 49, 4677 (1978). [CrossRef]
  17. J. K. Jackel, J. Opt. Commun. 3, 82 (1982). [CrossRef]
  18. D. W. Naghski, J. T. Boyd, W. E. Jackson, S. Sriram, S. A. Kingsley, J. Latess, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1092 (1994). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited