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Optics Letters

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  • Vol. 20, Iss. 9 — May. 1, 1995
  • pp: 970–972

Scanning near-field optical probe with ultrasmall spot size

L. Novotny, D. W. Pohl, and B. Hecht  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Letters, Vol. 20, Issue 9, pp. 970-972 (1995)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OL.20.000970


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Abstract

A novel light-emitting probe for scanning near-field optical microscopy is investigated theoretically. The three-dimensional vectorial Helmholtz equation is solved for the new probe geometry by using the multiple multipole method. The novel probe consists of a dielectric tip that is entirely metal coated. It provides a single near-field spot that can be smaller than 20 nm (FWHM). The dependence on tip radius, taper angle, and metal thickness in front of the tip is investigated for the power transmission through the probe as well as for the spot size.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: January 10, 1995
Published: May 1, 1995

Citation
L. Novotny, D. W. Pohl, and B. Hecht, "Scanning near-field optical probe with ultrasmall spot size," Opt. Lett. 20, 970-972 (1995)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-20-9-970


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References

  1. D. W. Pohl, W. Denk, M. Lanz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 651 (1984). [CrossRef]
  2. E. Betzig, J. K. Trautman, Science 257, 189 (1984). [CrossRef]
  3. D. W. Pohl, in Scanning Tunneling Microscopy, R. Wiesendanger, H. J. Güntherodt, eds., Vol. 28 of Springer Series in Surface Sciences (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1992), pp. 233–271. [CrossRef]
  4. U. Duerig, D. W. Pohl, F. Rohner, J. Appl. Phys. 59, 3318 (1986). [CrossRef]
  5. L. Novotny, D. W. Pohl, in Photons and Local Probes, O. Marti, R. Möller, eds., NATO ASI Series E (Kluwer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1995).
  6. Ch. Hafner, The Generalized Multiple Multipole Technique for Computational Electromagnetics (Artech, Boston, Mass., 1990).
  7. Ch. Hafner, L. H. Bonholdt, The 3d Electrodynamic Wave Simulator (Wiley, Chichester, UK, 1993).
  8. L. Novotny, D. W. Pohl, P. Regli, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 11, 1768 (1994). [CrossRef]
  9. L. Novotny, Ch. Hafner, Phys. Rev. E 50, 4094 (1994). [CrossRef]
  10. C. J. Bouwkamp, Philips Res. Rep. 5, 321 (1950).

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