We demonstrated the use of a near-field probe to map the evanescent field of an optical standing wave in a fused-silica whispering-gallery mode microresonator. The periodicity of the observed standing wave allows us to estimate accurately the radial mode number of the whispering-gallery mode resonance that is being excited. We find that the use of a fiber half-coupler to excite these resonances in fused-silica microspheres results in only the lowest radial mode numbers’ being strongly excited, as predicted.
© 1996 Optical Society of America
J. C. Knight, N. Dubreuil, V. Sandoghdar, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, "Characterizing whispering-gallery modes in microspheres by direct observation of the optical standing-wave pattern in the near field," Opt. Lett. 21, 698-700 (1996)