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Optics Letters

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  • Vol. 21, Iss. 14 — Jul. 15, 1996
  • pp: 1023–1025

Direct observation of soliton and normal pulse propagation by spectral domain reflectometry

Amikam Levanon, Stephen R. Friberg, Takaaki Mukai, and Yoichi Fujii  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Letters, Vol. 21, Issue 14, pp. 1023-1025 (1996)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OL.21.001023


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Abstract

We report what are to our knowledge the first continuous observations of optical fiber solitons and nonsoliton pulses in the spectral domain. Using a novel optical time-resolved spectral reflectometer that measures the backscattered light spectrum, we directly observed (with 200-m spatial resolution) the propagation of ∼8.5-ps solitons and nonsolitons traveling down 5-km fibers. Spectral breathing and the recovery of the original spectral widths are clearly seen for higher-order solitons. Possible applications include in situ measurements of soliton parameters, fiber dispersions, and nonlinearities, experimental verifications of pulse propagation theories, and optical sensing.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: January 17, 1996
Published: July 15, 1996

Citation
Amikam Levanon, Yoichi Fujii, Stephen R. Friberg, and Takaaki Mukai, "Direct observation of soliton and normal pulse propagation by spectral domain reflectometry," Opt. Lett. 21, 1023-1025 (1996)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-21-14-1023


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References

  1. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1995).
  2. A. Hasegawa, Y. Kodama, Solitons in Optical Communications (Oxford U. Press, Oxford, 1995).
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  9. L. F. Mollenauer, in Optical Solitons—Theory and Experiment, J. R. Taylor, ed., Vol. 10 of Cambridge Studies in Modern Optics (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, 1992), Chap. 2, p. 34.

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