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Optics Letters

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  • Vol. 21, Iss. 17 — Sep. 1, 1996
  • pp: 1375–1377

Large-aperture germanium detector package for picosecond photon counting in the 0.5–1.6-mm range

I. Prochazka, K. Hamal, B. Greene, and H. Kunimori  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Letters, Vol. 21, Issue 17, pp. 1375-1377 (1996)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OL.21.001375


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Abstract

We report the design, construction, and parameters of a detector package based on a germanium avalanche photodiode operated in the Geiger mode cooled to 77 K. The new design of the active quenching circuit, proper diode structure, and cryogenic cooling setup permitted us to increase the detector's active area to 0.1-mm diameter while maintaining an acceptable dark-count rate, timing resolution, and photon-counting sensitivity at 1.54 μm. The active-area size and the compact design of the detector package permitted its application in satellite laser ranging at 0.532- and 1.543-μm wavelengths, yielding subcentimeter ranging precision.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: March 25, 1996
Published: September 1, 1996

Citation
I. Prochazka, B. Greene, H. Kunimori, and K. Hamal, "Large-aperture germanium detector package for picosecond photon counting in the 0.5–1.6-mm range," Opt. Lett. 21, 1375-1377 (1996)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-21-17-1375


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References

  1. S. Cova, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 630 (1983). [CrossRef]
  2. I. Prochazka, K. Hamal, B. Sopko, J. Ricka, M. Hoebel, Inst. Phys. Conf. Ser. 126, 147 (1991).
  3. B. Sopko, J. Pavlu, I. Prochazka, I. Macha, “Detection of near IR radiation by SiGe material,” in Proceedings of the 20th European Solid State Device Research Conference, W. Ecleston, ed. (IOP Publishing, Bristol, UK, 1990), pp. 413–416.
  4. A. Lacaita, P. A. Francese, F. Zappa, S. Cova, Appl. Opt. 33, 6902 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. P. C. M. Owens, J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, D. Knight, P. D. Townsted, Appl. Opt. 33, 6895 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. H. Kunimori, B. Greene, J. Guilfoyle, K. Hamal, I. Prochazka, G. Kirchner, F. Koidl, “Subcentimeter eyesafe ranging,” in Proceedings of the Pacific Rim Conference on Lasers and Electro Optics (1995), pp. 17– 18.
  7. H. Kunimori, B. Greene, K. Hamal, I. Prochazka, “Centimeter eyesafe satellite laser ranging using Raman shifted Nd:YAG laser and germanium photon counter,” (to be published).

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