We present results of a three-dimensional model of a Kerr-lens mode-locked titanium-doped sapphire laser in the sub-10-fs regime of operation. We find that space–time focusing of the pulse within the laser crystal imposes a limitation on the pulse duration as a function of the crystal length. Thus good compensation of the net group-velocity dispersion of the cavity is not sufficient for successful sub-10-fs operation of the laser. The dependence of the pulse duration on the intracavity dispersion is also presented, which demonstrates that pulses as short as 6 fs can be generated directly from the laser.
© 1996 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: May 3, 1996
Published: September 15, 1996
Ivan P. Christov, Margaret M. Murnane, Henry C. Kapteyn, and Vency D. Stoev, "Sub-10-fs operation of Kerr-lens mode-locked lasers," Opt. Lett. 21, 1493-1495 (1996)