OSA's Digital Library

Optics Letters

Optics Letters


  • Vol. 21, Iss. 19 — Oct. 1, 1996
  • pp: 1544–1546

Electroholographic neurons implemented on potassium lithium tantalate niobate crystals

Michal Balberg, Meir Razvag, Shimon Vidro, Eli Refaeli, and Aharon J. Agranat  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Letters, Vol. 21, Issue 19, pp. 1544-1546 (1996)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (640 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We describe a new approach for constructing large-scale artificial neural networks. The novelty of our approach is based on the concept of electroholography (EH), which permits interconnecting of electronic neurons by minute-volume holograms, using the voltage-controlled photorefractive effect in paraelectric crystals. Crystals of potassium lithium tantalate niobate (KLTN) in the paraelectric phase are shown to be suitable for implementing this concept. A small network composed of two KLTN crystals on which holographic connections are recorded is presented to demonstrate the EH approach.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: April 1, 1996
Published: October 1, 1996

Michal Balberg, Meir Razvag, Shimon Vidro, Eli Refaeli, and Aharon J. Agranat, "Electroholographic neurons implemented on potassium lithium tantalate niobate crystals," Opt. Lett. 21, 1544-1546 (1996)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. M. A. Holler, in Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems III, R. P. Lippman, J. E. Moody, D. S. Touretzky, eds. (Morgan Kaufmann, San Mateo, Calif., 1991).
  2. G. Yayla, A. V. Krishamoorthy, G. C. Marsden, S. C. Esener, Proc. IEEE 82, 1749 (1994). [CrossRef]
  3. A. A. Yamamura, M. A. Neifeld, S. Kobayashi, D. Psaltis, Opt. Comput. Processing 1, 3 (1991).
  4. A. J. Agranat, Physika A 200, 608 (1993).
  5. A. J. Agranat, V. Leyva, A. Yariv, Opt. Lett. 14, 1017 (1989). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. J. Agranat, R. Hofmeister, A. Yariv, Opt. Lett. 17, 713 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. V. Leyva, D. Engin, X. Tong, A. Yariv, A. J. Agranat, Opt. Lett. 20, 1319 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. A. J. Agranat, M. Razvag, M. Balberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2469 (1996). [CrossRef]
  9. C. Hanson, H. Beratan, R. Owen, M. Corbin, S. McKenney, Proc. SPIE 1735, 17 (1992). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited