The lifetime of a f luorophore generally varies in different environments, making the molecule a sensitive indicator of tissue oxygenation, pH, and glucose. However, lifetime measurements are complicated when the f luorophore is embedded in an optically thick, highly scattering medium such as human tissue. We formulate the inverse problem for f luorescence lifetime tomography using diffuse photon density waves, and we demonstrate the technique by deriving spatial images of heterogeneous f luorophore distribution and lifetime, using simulated measurements in heterogeneous turbid media.
© 1996 Optical Society of America
M. A. O’Leary, D. A. Boas, X. D. Li, B. Chance, and A. G. Yodh, "Fluorescence lifetime imaging in turbid media," Opt. Lett. 21, 158-160 (1996)