OSA's Digital Library

Optics Letters

Optics Letters

| RAPID, SHORT PUBLICATIONS ON THE LATEST IN OPTICAL DISCOVERIES

  • Vol. 21, Iss. 23 — Dec. 1, 1996
  • pp: 1951–1953

Mass-producible microscopic computer-generated holograms: microtags

M. R. Descour, W. C. Sweatt, A. K. Ray-Chaudhuri, K. D. Krenz, M. E. Warren, S. H. Kravitz, D. A. Tichenor, R. H. Stulen, and T. L. Love  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Letters, Vol. 21, Issue 23, pp. 1951-1953 (1996)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OL.21.001951


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1184 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We have developed a method for encoding phase and amplitude in microscopic computer-generated holograms (microtags) for security applications. An 8 × 8 cell phase-only and an 8 × 8 cell phase-and-amplitude microtag design has been exposed in photoresist by the extreme-ultraviolet (13.4-nm) lithography tool developed at Sandia National Laboratories. Each microtag measures 80 μm × 160 μm and contains features that are 0.2 μm wide. Fraunhofer zone diffraction patterns can be obtained from fabricated microtags without any intervening optics and compare favorably with predicted diffraction patterns.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: August 14, 1996
Published: December 1, 1996

Citation
M. R. Descour, W. C. Sweatt, A. K. Ray-Chaudhuri, M. E. Warren, D. A. Tichenor, T. L. Love, R. H. Stulen, S. H. Kravitz, and K. D. Krenz, "Mass-producible microscopic computer-generated holograms: microtags," Opt. Lett. 21, 1951-1953 (1996)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-21-23-1951


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. W. C. Sweatt, M. R. Descour, A. K. Ray-Chaudhuri, S. H. Kravitz, M. E. Warren, R. H. Stulen, D. A. Tichenor, J. H. Underwood, K. D. Krenz, Proc. SPIE 2689, 170 (1996). [CrossRef]
  2. J. L. Zoreda, J. M. Otón, Smart Cards (Artech, Boston, Mass., 1994).
  3. D. A. Tichenor, in Extreme Ultraviolet Lithography, F. Zernike, D. T. Atwood, eds., Vol. 23 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 89.
  4. K. C. Pohlmann, The Compact Disc Handbook, 2nd ed. (A-R Editions, Madison, Wisc., 1992).
  5. B. R. Brown, A. W. Lohmann, Appl. Opt. 5, 967 (1966). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. D. Gaskill, Linear Systems, Fourier Transforms, and Optics (Wiley, New York, 1978), Chap. 10.
  7. R. W. Gerchberg, W. O. Saxton, Optik 35, 237 (1972).
  8. J. R. Wendt, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, N. M. 87185 (personal communication, 1996).
  9. M. T. Gale, K. Knop, R. Morf, Proc. SPIE 1210, 83 (1990). [CrossRef]
  10. M. Li, A. Larsson, N. Eriksson, M. Hagberg, J. Bengtsson, Opt. Lett. 21, 1516 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 
Fig. 4
 

« Previous Article

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited