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Optics Letters

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  • Vol. 21, Iss. 5 — Mar. 1, 1996
  • pp: 324–326

Two-dimensional steady-state photorefractive screening solitons

Ming-feng Shih, Patrick Leach, Mordechai Segev, Mark H. Garrett, Greg Salamo, and George C. Valley  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Letters, Vol. 21, Issue 5, pp. 324-326 (1996)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OL.21.000324


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Abstract

We study experimentally steady-state photorefractive screening solitons trapped in both transverse dimensions and measure their beam profiles as they propagate throughout the crystal. The solitons are observed to be axially symmetric, and they self-bend. We characterize the soliton dependence on the optical intensity, applied electric-field strength, and beam diameter.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: September 13, 1995
Published: March 1, 1996

Citation
Ming-feng Shih, Mark H. Garrett, Greg Salamo, George C. Valley, Patrick Leach, and Mordechai Segev, "Two-dimensional steady-state photorefractive screening solitons," Opt. Lett. 21, 324-326 (1996)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-21-5-324


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References

  1. M. Segev, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, B. Fischer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 923 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. G. Duree, J. L. Shultz, G. Salamo, M. Segev, A. Yariv, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, E. Sharp, R. R. Neurgaonkar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 533 (1993); 74, 1978 (1995) . [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. G. C. Valley, M. Segev, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, M. M. Fejer, M. Bashaw, Phys. Rev. A 50, R4457 (1994 ); M. Taya, M. Bashaw, M. M. Fejer, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, Phys. Rev. A 52, 3095 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. D. Iturbe-Castillo, P. A. Marquez-Aguilar, J. J. Sanchez-Mondragon, S. Stepanov, V. Vysloukh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 408 (1994). [CrossRef]
  5. M. Segev, G. C. Valley, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, A. Yariv, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3211 (1994 );M. Segev, M. Shih, G. C. Valley, “Photorefractive screening solitons of high and low intensity,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be published). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. S. R. Singh, D. N. Christodoulides, Opt. Commun. 118, 569 (1995). [CrossRef]
  7. M. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, P. DePorto, Electron. Lett. 31, 826 (1995). [CrossRef]
  8. The Gaussian beam here diffracts from 10 to 57 μm FWHM after 5.5 mm in a crystal, which corresponds to diffraction from 16.7 to 94 μm at the 1/e points. The diffracted value in Ref. 6 (≈100 μm) is 60 μm FWHM.
  9. Self-bending was first predicted for Kerr media byA. E. Kaplan, JETP Lett. 9, 59 (1969).
  10. A. A. Zozulya, D. Z. Anderson, Opt. Lett. 20, 837 (1995 );Phys. Rev. A 51, 1520 (1995);in Digest of Photorefractive Materials, Effects, and Devices Topical Meeting (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper TC4. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. D. Burak, W. Nasalski, Appl. Opt. 33, 6393 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. C. M. Gomez, P. A. Marquez-Aguilar, J. J. Sanchez-Mondragon, S. Stepanov, V. Vysloukh, in Digest of Photorefractive Materials, Effects, and Devices Topical Meeting (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper TC2.

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