We have realized a novel atom trap in an axicon (conical hollow) mirror, using a frequency-modulated, single-diode laser. Different spatial distributions of trapped atoms such as a ball and a ring are observed. We show that our numerical simulations are consistent with experimental results. In particular, the ring diameter is found to be approximately the separation between the mirror axis and the magnetic field axis. The axicon trap may be useful as a precooled atom source for cold atomic beams, atom funnels, and atom waveguides.
© 1997 Optical Society of America
J. A. Kim, K. I. Lee, H. R. Noh, W. Jhe, and M. Ohtsu, "Atom trap in an axicon mirror," Opt. Lett. 22, 117-119 (1997)