Diabetics would benefit greatly from a device capable of providing continuous noninvasive monitoring of their blood glucose levels. The optical scattering coefficient of tissue depends on the concentration of glucose in the extracellular fluid. A feasibility study was performed to evaluate the sensitivity of the tissue reduced scattering coefficient in response to step changes in the blood glucose levels of diabetic volunteers. Estimates of the scattering coefficient were based on measurements of the diffuse reflectance on the skin at distances of 1–10 mm from a point source. A correlation was observed between step changes in blood glucose concentration and tissue reduced scattering coefficient in 30 out of 41 subjects measured.
© 1997 Optical Society of America
J. T. Bruulsema, J. E. Hayward, T. J. Farrell, M. S. Patterson, L. Heinemann, M. Berger, T. Koschinsky, J. Sandahl-Christiansen, H. Orskov, M. Essenpreis, G. Schmelzeisen-Redeker, and D. Böcker, "Correlation between blood glucose concentration in diabetics and noninvasively measured tissue optical scattering coefficient," Opt. Lett. 22, 190-192 (1997)