An algorithm for expanding the dynamic range of Shack--Hartmann sensors is proposed. The distribution of the spot dislocations is treated with a modified unwrapping algorithm that is widely used in interferometry. The algorithm unwraps the spot dislocations and assigns the spots to their original subapertures, leading to a huge expansion of the dynamic range. For the proposed algorithm there remains a limitation on the maximum wave-front curvature instead of on the maximum wave-front slope. Examples are given that show spot fields that were wrapped four times; the measured wave front had a peak-to-valley value of 116 lambda .
© 1998 America
J. Pfund, N. Lindlein, and J. Schwider, "Dynamic range expansion of a Shack--Hartmann sensor by use of a modified unwrapping algorithm," Opt. Lett. 23, 995-997 (1998)