Lasing characteristics were evaluated for distributed-feedback quantum-cascade (QC) lasers operating in a continuous mode at cryogenic temperatures. These tests were performed to determine the QC lasers' suitability for use in high-resolution spectroscopic applications, including Doppler-limited molecular absorption and pressure-limited lidar applications. By use of a rapid-scan technique, direct absorbance measurements of nitric oxide (NO) and ammonia (NH>3) were performed with several QC lasers, operating at either 5.2 or 8.5 µm. Results include time-averaged linewidths of better than 40 MHz and long-term laser frequency reproducibility, even after numerous temperature cycles, of 80 MHz or better. Tuning rates of 2.5 cm-1 in 0.6 ms can be easily achieved. Noise-equivalent absorbance of 3 × 10-6 was also obtained without optimizing the optical arrangement.
© 1998 Optical Society of America
(140.5960) Lasers and laser optics : Semiconductor lasers
(300.1030) Spectroscopy : Absorption
(300.6320) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, high-resolution
(300.6390) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, molecular
S. W. Sharpe, J. F. Kelly, J. S. Hartman, C. Gmachl, F. Capasso, D. L. Sivco, J. N. Baillargeon, and A. Y. Cho, "High-resolution (Doppler-limited) spectroscopy using quantum-cascade distributed-feedback lasers," Opt. Lett. 23, 1396-1398 (1998)