Dynamic low-coherence interferometry was used to measure Brownian motion of submicrometer particles within highly scattering media. Strong rejection of multiply scattered light was obtained by combination of a coherence gate with a confocal microscope, thus allowing particle characterization methods generally reserved for optically dilute materials to be applied to optically concentrated suspensions. The Brownian diffusion coefficient of highly scattering media was determined with an accuracy better than 5%. Furthermore, we show that spatial variations in the Brownian diffusion coefficient can be imaged with an axial resolution determined by the coherence length of the light source (~30 μm) . The experiments also show broadening of the power spectrum as a function of depth into the sample, most likely as a result of detecting multiply scattered light.
© 1998 Optical Society of America
(030.1640) Coherence and statistical optics : Coherence
(120.3180) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Interferometry
(180.3170) Microscopy : Interference microscopy
(290.7050) Scattering : Turbid media
D. A. Boas, K. K. Bizheva, and A. M. Siegel, "Using dynamic low-coherence interferometry to image Brownian motion within highly scattering media," Opt. Lett. 23, 319-321 (1998)