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Optics Letters

Optics Letters

| RAPID, SHORT PUBLICATIONS ON THE LATEST IN OPTICAL DISCOVERIES

  • Vol. 23, Iss. 6 — Mar. 15, 1998
  • pp: 403–405

Unfolding of an unstable singularity point into a ring

G. P. Karman, A. van Duijl, and J. P. Woerdman  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Letters, Vol. 23, Issue 6, pp. 403-405 (1998)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OL.23.000403


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Abstract

It is well known that phase singularities, in general lines in space, are topologically stable features of a wave field. An exception is a pointlike singularity, which is unstable and deforms into a ring or disappears when a small perturbation is applied. Recently, Nye showed how such an event can be understood as an unfolding of a higher-order dislocation [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (to be published)]. We present an optical implementation of this model and show experimentally that the focal region of a lens contains points of zero intensity on the optical axis that deform into rings when a small amount of spherical aberration is applied to the system.

© 1998 Optical Society of america

OCIS Codes
(050.1960) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction theory
(350.5030) Other areas of optics : Phase
(350.7420) Other areas of optics : Waves

Citation
G. P. Karman, A. van Duijl, and J. P. Woerdman, "Unfolding of an unstable singularity point into a ring," Opt. Lett. 23, 403-405 (1998)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-23-6-403

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