OSA's Digital Library

Optics Letters

Optics Letters

| RAPID, SHORT PUBLICATIONS ON THE LATEST IN OPTICAL DISCOVERIES

  • Vol. 23, Iss. 9 — May. 1, 1998
  • pp: 676–678

Simultaneous measurement of amplitude and phase in surface second-harmonic generation

Jun Chen, Susumu Machida, and Yoshihisa Yamanoto  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Letters, Vol. 23, Issue 9, pp. 676-678 (1998)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OL.23.000676


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (456 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The intensity and the phase in surface second-harmonic generation were simultaneously measured by use of an ac optical balanced homodyne detection system. In this system the surface second-harmonic wave was superimposed upon a local oscillator wave generated by a barium borate nonlinear optical crystal and then detected as an interference signal. Extremely high sensitivity of 3 aW (6 photons/s) and high precision were achieved by use of a lock-in amplifier, in which an interference signal of fundamental waves was used as a reference signal. Simultaneous measurement of the intensity and the phase in surface second-harmonic waves generated from native-oxidized Si(111) surfaces is demonstrated.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.0120) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology
(190.0190) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics

Citation
Jun Chen, Susumu Machida, and Yoshihisa Yamanoto, "Simultaneous measurement of amplitude and phase in surface second-harmonic generation," Opt. Lett. 23, 676-678 (1998)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-23-9-676


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. Y. R. Shen, Nature (London) 337, 519 (1989).
  2. T. F. Heinz, in Nonlinear Surface Electromagnetic Phenomena, H.-E. Ponath and G. I. Stegman, eds. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1991), p. 353.
  3. J. F. McGilp, Prog. Surf. Sci. 49, 1 (1995).
  4. H. W. K. Tom, T. F. Heinz, and Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 51, 1983 (1983).
  5. T. F. Heinz, M. M. T. Loy, and W. A. Thompson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 63 (1984).
  6. T. F. Heinz, M. M. T. Loy, and W. A. Thompson, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 3, 1467 (1985).
  7. J. I. Dadap, B. Doris, Q. Deng, M. C. Downer, J. K. Lowell, and A. C. Diebold, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2139 (1994).
  8. K. Kemnitz, K. Bhattacharyya, J. M. Hicks, G. R. Pinto, K. B. Eisenthal, and T. F. Heinz, Chem. Phys. Lett. 131, 285 (1986).
  9. P. V. Kelly, J. D. O'Mahony, J. F. McGilp, and Th. Rasing, Surf. Sci. 269/270, 849 (1992).
  10. H. P. Yuen and V. W. S. Chen, Opt. Lett. 8, 177 (1983).
  11. M. Munroe, D. Boggavarapu, M. E. Anderson, and M. G. Raymer, Phys. Rev. A 52, R924 (1995).
  12. S. Jiang, S. Machida, Y. Takiguchi, H. Cao, and Y. Yamamoto, Opt. Commun. 145, 91 (1998).
  13. P. Thiansathaporn and R. Superfine, Opt. Lett. 20, 545 (1995).
  14. J. A. Litwin, J. E. Sipe, and H. M. van Driel, Phys. Rev. B 31, 5543 (1985).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited