OSA's Digital Library

Optics Letters

Optics Letters


  • Vol. 24, Iss. 18 — Sep. 15, 1999
  • pp: 1311–1313

Infrared photosensitivity in silica glasses exposed to femtosecond laser pulses

D. Homoelle, S. Wielandy, Alexander L. Gaeta, N. F. Borrelli, and Charlene Smith  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Letters, Vol. 24, Issue 18, pp. 1311-1313 (1999)

View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (294 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We investigate the use of infrared femtosecond laser pulses to induce highly localized refractive-index changes in fused-silica glasses. We characterize the magnitude of the change as a function of exposure and measure index changes as large as 3×10-3 and 5×10-3 in pure fused silica and boron-doped silica, respectively. The potential of this technique for writing three-dimensional photonic structures in bulk glasses is demonstrated by the fabrication of a Y coupler within a sample of pure fused silica.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.2750) Materials : Glass and other amorphous materials
(190.4180) Nonlinear optics : Multiphoton processes
(230.4000) Optical devices : Microstructure fabrication
(230.7370) Optical devices : Waveguides
(320.7130) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast processes in condensed matter, including semiconductors

D. Homoelle, S. Wielandy, Alexander L. Gaeta, N. F. Borrelli, and Charlene Smith, "Infrared photosensitivity in silica glasses exposed to femtosecond laser pulses," Opt. Lett. 24, 1311-1313 (1999)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset


  1. See, for example, M. Douay, W. X. Xie, T. Taunay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, P. Cordier, B. Poumellec, L. Dong, J. F. Bayon, H. Poignant, and E. Delevaque, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1329 (1997).
  2. See, for example, K. O. Hill and G. Meltz, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1263 (1997).
  3. See, for example, X. Liu, D. Du, and G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1706 (1997).
  4. D. Du, X. Liu, G. Korn, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3071 (1994) ; B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248 (1995) ; M. Lenzner, J. Krüger, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, Ch. Spielmann, G. Mourou, W. Kautek, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett.PRLTAO 80, 4076 (1998).
  5. K. M. Davis, N. Sugimoto, and K. Hirao, Opt. Lett. 21, 1729 (1996).
  6. H. Varel, D. Ashkenasi, A. Rosenfeld, R. Herrmann, F. Noack, and E. E. B. Campbell, Appl. Phys. A 62, 293 (1996).
  7. K. Miura, J. Qui, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329 (1997).
  8. E. N. Glezer, M. Milosavljevic, L. Huang, R. J. Finlay, T.-H. Her, J. P. Callan, and E. Mazur, Opt. Lett. 21, 2023 (1996).
  9. J. A. Squier and M. Müller, “Third-harmonic generation imaging of laser-induced breakdown in glass,” Appl. Opt. (to be published).
  10. J. H. Strickler and W. W. Webb, Opt. Lett. 16, 1780 (1991).
  11. G. Witzgall, R. Vrijen, E. Yablonovitch, V. Doan, and B. J. Schwartz, Opt. Lett. 23, 1745 (1998).
  12. S. Maruo, O. Nakamura, and S. Kawata, Opt. Lett. 22, 132 (1997).
  13. M. P. Joshi, H. E. Pudavar, J. Swiatkiewicz, P. N. Prasad, and B. A. Reianhardt, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 170 (1999).
  14. See, for example, R. R. Alfano, ed., The Supercontinuum Laser Source (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1989).
  15. D. C. Allan, C. Smith, N. F. Borrelli, and T. P. Seward III, Opt. Lett. 21, 1960 (1996).
  16. D. C. Allan, C. Smith, and N. F. Borrelli, “Excimer laser-induced densification in binary silica glasses,” Opt. Lett. (to be published).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited