We fabricated a two-dimensional subwavelength structured (SWS) surface upon a crystal silicon substrate. The SWS surface was patterned by electron beam lithography and etched by an SF<sub>6</sub> fast atom beam. The SWS grating had a conical profile, the period was 150 nm, and the groove was approximately 350 nm deep. The reflectivity was examined at 2002500-nm wavelengths. At 400 nm the reflectivity decreased to 0.5% from the 54.7% of the silicon substrate. We also used HeNe laser light to examine the reflectivity as a function of the incident angle.
© 1999 Optical Society of America
Y. Kanamori, M. Sasaki, and K. Hane, "Broadband antireflection gratings fabricated upon silicon substrates," Opt. Lett. 24, 1422-1424 (1999)